With the objective of managing efficiently and effectively the social aspects linked to the operations of TOTAL AUSTRAL, a group of specific layers was developed in order to allow visualize efficiently and interrelate the social demographic aspects (land use, economic productive dynamic, scattered rural population, settlements, natural resources). For that reason, we selected the SIG technology to be in place (Geographic Information Systems) because it stores a huge quantity of geo-referenced information and also allows to share information transversely with all the Departments. In this way, the SIG is a strategic tool for making decisions as it eases the access to necessary information for potential risks and impacts effective management.
Due to the specific characteristics of the hydrocarbon related operation, the development of the industrial activity requires physical intervention in lands where there may be inhabitants or communities previously settled or developing an economic activity. This, inevitably, entails an interaction and implies an impact on the lives of people and local stakeholders.
Although there is a broad consensus on the strategic relevance of the social license to operate, for many companies in the extractive industry, the social risk surrounding the operation is still considered an externality, which cannot be anticipated or managed. However, Total Austral's business model considers that the harmonious integration of activities in its environment is a key factor for the successful management of our activity in Vaca Muerta and therefore the knowledge of the geographic context and the socio-economic reality is vital.
Prior to the development of unconventional projects, Total Austral launched a management system that integrates socio-demographic aspects as an element to be taken into account when designing and developing the project. The central objective of the project was to develop, internally, an efficient tool that allows information to be viewed quickly and easily, favouring the interpretation and reading of the following data:
• Stakeholders mapped in the Social Baseline Studies and Social Impact Studies as dispersed rural population.
• Socio-demographic aspects, productive economic dynamics and land use of the dispersed rural population.
• Social perception of dispersed rural population regarding Total and its activities in Aguada Pichana Este and San Roque areas.
For this purpose, it was decided the use of GIS tool because it analyzes a large amount of geo-referenced information and also allows information to be shared across all Departments.