This paper sets out the author's recent experiences with offshore oil and gas exploration and production companies to improve the identification and investigation of Process Safety Incidents, PSIs. The paper will describe the difficulties that companies experience when dealing with relatively simple issues, such as agreeing what a PSI is and how to link the underlying and root causes of incidents to weaknesses in the process safety risk controls. The paper will also demonstrate that the actions identified after an investigation do not always correct the causation factors - examples will be provided to illustrate common pitfalls in selecting effective actions after a PSI. The prevention of process safety has significant business benefits and several industry initiatives currently in place or proposed will be presented.

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