Traditional reservoir simulators cannot capture the complicated interactions between fluid production and reservoir rock deformation during hydrocarbon recovery. In particular, in a recovery process when both phase behavior and deformation of reservoir rock play critical roles, a coupled geomechanics and compositional reservoir model can rigorously capture the above physical relations between solid and fluids and thereby perform more precise history matchings and predictions for better well planning and reservoir management decisions.
This paper considers a fully coupled geomechanics and compositional modeling process. A novel solution procedure for the associated fully coupled Jacobian system is presented using the Schur complement technique. The proposed approach has the following features: (1) it has similar convergence properties as the fully implicit method, (2) combined with Krylov subspace iterative solvers, it can deal with symmetric and unsymmetric problems, and (3) it can be easily parallelized to solve large-scale reservoir simulation problems.
In this work, a parallel, fully implicit, equation of state compositional reservoir simulator was fully coupled with a geomechanics FEM module. For each Newton iteration, an original two by two block Jacobian system is converted to a Schur complement system, and then the associated Schur complement system is solved using a BiCGstab(l) iterative method; subsequently all the unknowns for the reservoir simulator and the geomechanics module are obtained at the same time. The above partition solution procedure is equivalent to a block Gaussian elimination; hence its convergence is similar to a fully implicit coupled procedure.
The proposed approach is implemented to solve two- and three-dimensional compositional reservoir simulation case studies considering geomechanics effects. We also compare the results between the fully coupled and the iteratively coupled approaches. It is shown that this approach presents a viable alternative in solution methods for solving general coupled physical problems.