A system has been developed based on a powerful portable microcomputer and an integrated data acquisition package which allows real-time visualization of pumping well performance.
The system combines all the necessary elements to obtain a complete analysis of the performance of the pumping system which includes the pumping unit, the wellbore, and the reservoir.
The data acquisition package is connected to the expansion slot of the computer and consists of the necessary analog and digital channels to process data from standard transducers such as acoustic, pressure, temperature, rod load, displacement. etc. Detailed surface unit performance curves such as dynamometer, speed, acceleration, power etc. can be obtained and analyzed. When the instrument is used in conjunction with an acoustic pulse generator and receiver, it digitizes and stores the reflected acoustic signals which are digitally filtered and automatically processed to determine the liquid level. This is undertaken under program control so that a continuous recording of fluid level vs. time is obtained along with the pumping unit performance parameters.
Fluid level data is processed by the software to calculate bottom-hole pressure as well as flow into and out of the well bore. Changing the well from flowing to shut in conditions allows recording of pressure buildup data which is then interpreted in terms of reservoir parameters.
The Well Visualization display can be used as a diagnostic tool to optimize pumping well performance on a periodic basis. The present performance of the well is compared to its recorded past performance and in the case where significant differences are noted, a more detailed analysis is undertaken to recommend changes in operation or remedial actions. In critical well applications, the system can function as a stand-alone dedicated controller.