Iceberg monitoring, as well as maritime surveillance in general, is an important application of synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and is a stated objective of the Radarsat Constellation, the next generation of Canada's Radarsat satellites. In this paper, we simulate Radarsat Constellation data in a number of different imaging modes, using Radarsat-2 single look complex data covering a study area in the Labrador Sea. We test the iceberg detection performance of both linear dual-pol data as well as compact polarimetry, a novel SAR architecture that transmits circular polarization rather than the traditional horizontal or vertical polarizations. Compared to the linear data, the compact data missed fewer targets, and detected a greater number of pixels of detected targets, for most of the incidence angles and imaging modes tested.

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