This paper validates the use of nuclear power (NP) to the energy supply the offshore production of oil and gas in ice conditions of the Russian Arctic shelf. Justification of the choice of nuclear energy as the most adequate for ice conditions of the Arctic shelf conducted on the basis of evaluation of quantitative and temporal parameters of the required energy, comparison of nuclear and alternative energy from an environmental perspective, the risks and taking into account the current state of relevant technologies. Assumed atomic energy supply based on innovative small nuclear power plants (power up to 300 MW (el.)) (SNPP), which differ from the traditional nuclear power plants (NPP) significantly greater degree of safety.

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