Perhaps, it is time for both constitutive laws and failure criteria for ice to join efforts with numerical methods and computer power to provide a powerful simulation tool for ice engineers to calculate ice loads on Arctic structures, and subsequently investigate the response of the structure with a higher degree of confidence than ever before. Considering the power of computers today and the complexity of ice behaviour, and the subsequent response of the structure, the combined constitutive-numerical technology seems to be one of the most appropriate and effective engineering tools to calculate ice loads on Arctic offshore installations, and realistically simulate ice-structures interaction processes.

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