This paper summarises the development of ice risk management used for stationary operations with vessels in moving pack ice. The operations described and suggested as the basis for Ice Risk Management for future projects are:

Beaufort Sea Drillships 1975 till ~ 1990

Kulluk, 1983 – 1993 Beaufort Sea

Dynamic Positioning operations in the Sakhalin offshore 1999

Sakhalin 2, phase 1, oil production and export with tankers in the presence of ice, 1999 - 2007

Arctic Coring Expedition in the central polar pack 2004 .

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