Surface Piercing Propeller (SPP) can achieve high propulsive efficiency on high-speed vessels planing to reduce the frictional resistance of hull. It has the characteristic blade section and works partially submerged condition. The blades repeat entry to and exit from the water free surface and the suction sides and trailing edge of blades are exposed to ventilated cavitation while they are under the water. And interface near SPP is severely deformed by the high rotating blades. This working condition of SPP, therefore, makes it hard that propeller open characteristics are estimated with high reliability. Because SPP is unusual propeller having above difficulty of the performance estimation, the studies for SPP are few compared with large sized propellers for merchant ships. Although the various model tests had been carried out to understand the physical phenomena around various SPPs and their effects on propeller performances, they were not universal approach with standardized test conditions and propeller shape, as mentioned in 23th ITTC report and recommendation (2002). In applying the conventional calculation based on potential theory to SPP, there are many difficulties to model the physical phenomena theoretically. In calculations by Furuya (1984, 1985), thickness of blade and ventilated cavitation were non-consideration, and it was assumed that the suction side of the blade was fully ventilated in the water. In calculations by Young and Kinnas (2001), the interface deformation near SPP was not modeled theoretically. Therefore, they attributed the difference from experimental results to the effect of incompleteness of numerical modeling. On the other hand, CFD analysis can treat the effects of physical phenomena including thick ventilated cavitation and the sharp deformation of interface around SPP. In addition, the characteristic blade shape is modeled accurately without the geometric limitation in CFD. In this paper, typical SPP with experimental results open to the public is analyzed by CFD-RANS approach using Volume of Fluid (VOF) method based on interface-capturing algorithm at wide range of propeller advance coefficient J. Regarding propeller open characteristics, the 6-component force/moment fluctuations by blade rotations, and ventilation patterns, analyses results are compared with measured values. Moreover, the results of simulations in various Froude numbers and Weber numbers are evaluated whether their effects were negligible when they are sufficiently high, in the same manner as the results found by the other’s experimental studies (Shiba, 1953; Brandt, 1973).
Numerical Study on Performance of Surface Piercing Propeller using RANS Approach
Himei, Kohei, and Hajime Yamaguchi. "Numerical Study on Performance of Surface Piercing Propeller using RANS Approach." Paper presented at the SNAME 13th International Conference on Fast Sea Transportation, Washington, DC, September 2015. doi: https://doi.org/10.5957/FAST-2015-044
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