The primary difference between a planing craft and a displacement ship is that the predominant force to support the conventional or displacement craft is hydrostatic force or buoyancy. While in the case of planing craft, the buoyancy cedes this role to hydrodynamic lift force caused by flow and pressure characteristics occurring when it is travelling at high forward speed. However, the magnitude of hydrostatic force is still significant that cannot be completely neglected. Due to the high forward speed and trim angle, the flow around and under the planing hull experiences change of momentum and leads to the appearance of lift force according to the 2ndlaw of Newton. In other words, there is a relative velocity between the craft hull and the wave orbital motion that causes hydrodynamic pressure generating hydrodynamic lift force act on the hull surface. Then, in case of behaviors in waves, an additional contribution of ship motions is necessary to be considered in the relative velocity, resulting in nonlinear characteristic of its physical nature.

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