A novel wedge-shaped hull form is optimized for reduced drag using a further developed practical hydrodynamic optimization tool. The hull features a sharp entrance angle, rectilinear sides, sharp bottom edges, a triangular waterplane and a linear aftward taper from a deep bow to a shallow transom. The optimization involves two modifications of the hull form, one is to smooth out the sharp bottom edge with a rounded corner and the other is to generate a bulbous bow. In order to perform the hydrodynamic optimization of the hull, a Non-Uniform Rational BSpline (NURBS)-based hull surface modification tool, a NURBS surface mesh generator, a surrogate model and an evolutionary optimization solver are developed and integrated into the practical hydrodynamic optimization tool. The hydrodynamic performances, i.e., the total drag and the flow field near the obtained hull bodies are assessed and compared with the original wedge hull using numerical simulations. Results showed that rounding the sharp edge of the wedge hull can reduce the total drag by alleviating the flow separations around the hull body. The wedge hull with rounded bottom edge and optimized bulbous bow can achieve larger drag reduction and the flow separations are almost eliminated. The total drag of the optimal hull is compared with an earlier-optimized wedge hull that has a different type of bulbous bow, whose hydrodynamic performance has been validated by model tests.

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