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Proceedings Papers

Publisher: Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
Paper presented at the SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, October 18–20, 2022
Paper Number: SPE-211865-MS
... in the footprint of equipment such as trucks and tanks. Nonetheless, high TDS could limit the effectiveness of HVFR in providing better hydraulic fracturing treatments. This study investigates the impact of Utica's high TDS on HVFR using a flow loop test. The study investigates the consequences of the following...
Proceedings Papers

Publisher: Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
Paper presented at the SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, October 18–20, 2022
Paper Number: SPE-211884-MS
... and much more other operational and economical advantages. Currently, most friction reducers on the market are anionic friction reducers, which are fully compatible with most produced water with low to medium level of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) but show significant decreasing at high TDS conditions...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 56th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, June 26–29, 2022
Paper Number: ARMA-2022-0314
... of friction reducers on the market are anionic friction reducers, which are fully compatible with most of produced water with low to medium level of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) but show significant decreasing at high TDS conditions in term of their friction reduction performance for most cases...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Conference on Oilfield Chemistry, December 6–7, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204286-MS
... Abstract Currently, well stimulation in North America has evolved almost entirely to slickwater fracturing with friction reducers (FRs). Some parts of North America are notorious for their poor water quality, so wells are commonly treated using high total dissolved solids (TDS)-containing flow...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, July 20–22, 2020
Paper Number: URTEC-2020-2117-MS
... Abstract In the Permian Basin, one of the strategies for reducing cost during hydraulic fracturing operations is to use recycled produced water as the base fluid. The variability in total dissolved solids (TDS) and mineralogy in produced water makes the friction reducer (FR) selection critical...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, July 20–22, 2020
Paper Number: URTEC-2020-3067-MS
... URTeC: 3067 TDS-Tolerant, Low-Damaging, Crosslinked Friction Reducer Fracturing Fluids for Deeper Unconventional Wells Lulu Song*1, Ying Xiong3, David Schreckengost1, Fuchen Liu1,2, Youquan Liu3, Xiaojin Zhou4 (1CNPC USA Corp; 2Beijing Huamei Inc.; 3Research Institute of Natural Gas Technology...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 54th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, June 28–July 1, 2020
Paper Number: ARMA-2020-1666
... in high TDS (total dissolved solids) conditions. To assess the current industry practice for hydraulic fracturing in the Williston Basin, these tasks were performed: a) rate trainset analysis (RTA) to evaluate the current completion in Bakken wells by estimating fracture half-length and SRV properties, b...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, January 13–15, 2020
Paper Number: IPTC-20138-Abstract
... at studying the capability of high-viscosity friction reducers (HVFRs) by examining the produced water from the Bakken Fm through an integral approach. The application of surfactant as an additive to the HVFRs was investigated in high TDS (total dissolved solids) conditions. To assess the current industry...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, September 30–October 2, 2019
Paper Number: SPE-196014-MS
... of fracturing fluids in high-TDS environment. To address the evaluation performance of HVFRs, a comprehensive review of numerous papers associated to viscoelastic property of hydraulic fracturing fluids were investigated and summarized. This paper also provides a full comparison study of viscosity and elastic...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, July 22–24, 2019
Paper Number: URTEC-2019-99-MS
... cost due to fewer chemicals and equipment on location. However, concerns remain about using HVFRs with produced water containing a high level of TDS (Total Dissolved Solids). This study investigates the influence of the use of produced water on the rheological behavior of HVFRs compared...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the CORROSION 2019, March 24–28, 2019
Paper Number: NACE-2019-13497
... excessive decline is paramount to maintain return on investments. The system conditions and the produced water in the Bakken shale causes challenges that can impact productivity. The water composition is generally characterized with high total dissolved solids (TDS), resulting in high scaling tendencies...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, March 26–28, 2019
Paper Number: IPTC-19202-MS
... artificial lift is the predominant means of water injection and hydrocarbon production. This paper focuses on why it is important to understand the saline subsurface and the total dissolved solids (TDS) of the environment in which the artificial lift completion is to be deployed and its impact on equipment...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, September 24–26, 2018
Paper Number: SPE-191749-MS
... 2013 ; Haghshenas and Nasr-El-Din 2014 ; Kakadjian et al. 2015a ; Li et al. 2009 ; Li et al. 2010 ; Lopez et al. 2015 ; McMahon et al. 2015 ; Schmidt et al. 2015 ; Wilson 2015 ). In one example, the borate-crosslinked guar fluids were formulated using produced water with TDS at 34,000 mg/L...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, August 1–3, 2016
Paper Number: URTEC-2455905-MS
...) is recovered from Marcellus wells, and ~20–50 vol. % of the residual treatment water (RTW) is recovered from Duvernay wells. Waters tends to be highly saline, increasing over production time, and often with TDS contents exceeding 250–300 kppm. Recently published data for Marcellus flow back brines by Rowan et...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, April 13–15, 2015
Paper Number: SPE-173746-MS
... Abstract Oilfield produced water can often contain high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS) in addition to hydrocarbons, precipitates, and suspended particles. The dissolved solids mainly consist of sodium, calcium, and magnesium salts. The combination of the high salinity and hardness...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, April 13–15, 2015
Paper Number: SPE-173784-MS
... unconventional formations (such as Marcellus and Bakken shales) is famous for its high total dissolved solids (TDS) and high divalent cation content. Produced water contents change from time to time, and from location to location, posing a tremendous challenge in stabilizing the performance of the fracturing...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, April 13–15, 2015
Paper Number: SPE-173790-MS
... temperature (>150°C), pressure (>10,000 psia), and TDS (>300,000 mg/L) at deep water production environments, prediction and control of mineral scaling pose significant challenges. Appropriate experimental data is needed for better understanding of scaling risk in those harsh environments...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, December 10–12, 2014
Paper Number: IPTC-17797-MS
... Abstract Produced water often contains high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS) in addition to precipitates, suspended particles, and hydrocarbons. The main components of the dissolved solids include sodium, calcium, and magnesium salts. The combination of high salinity and hardness can...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, December 10–12, 2014
Paper Number: IPTC-17824-MS
... with high total dissolved solids (TDS) and high divalent cation content poses extreme challenges for emulsion friction reducers because cations hinder the inversion of friction reducers and cause loss of efficiency of friction reduction. Treating produced water to the quality suitable for conventional...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, October 27–29, 2014
Paper Number: SPE-170607-MS
... Abstract Oilfield produced water often contains high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS) in addition to precipitates, suspended particles, and hydrocarbons. The main components of the dissolved solids include sodium, calcium, and magnesium salts. The combination of the high salinity and high...

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