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Producing crude oil from algae

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Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Annual Technical Meeting, May 24–27, 1980
Paper Number: PETSOC-80-31-13
.... INTRODUCTION In 1976 Algas Resources Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Alberta Gas Trunk Line Company Limited, began a series of studies to determine whether coa l converted to gaseous or liquid fuels may provide one of the more practical options to the dwindling natural gas and crude( oil reserves...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, August 5–7, 2013
Paper Number: SPE-167542-MS
... and agricultural run-off. The second process is producing oil from Heterotrophic algae, rather than using sunlight and CO 2 to grow and produce oil. Heterotrophic algae use organic substances such as sugars to complete their life cycles. They are grown in fermentation tanks. After the algae have grown...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the The Twenty-fifth International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, June 21–26, 2015
Paper Number: ISOPE-I-15-522
... production. Compared to other microalgae with practicable applications, Euglena does not have the highest lipid content. However, almost all of the crude oil extracted from euglena is light oil that is suitable to produce jet fuel with relative higher economic value (Kato and Arashida, 2013). The Euglena Co...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Carbon Management Technology Conference, November 17–19, 2015
Paper Number: CMTC-438081-MS
... trillion yuan, ranked 3 rd on Fortune s Global 500 list. In 2014, Sinopec produced 78.1 million tonnes of crude oil and 28.2 billion cubic meter of natural gas, of which 34.3 million tonnes oil and 8 billion cubic meter natural gas were from overseas. Moreover, 2 CMTC-438081-MS Sinopec has constantly...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Middle East Oil Show and Conference, March 15–18, 1997
Paper Number: SPE-37781-MS
... production benefiting from depletion of the fracture network at oil rates up to 6,000 m3/d. Within two years of production, the watercut increased sharply to 95 % and has remained virtually constant. The water level within the fracture system rose quickly to a level controlled by the producing intervals...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 9th World Petroleum Congress, May 11–16, 1975
Paper Number: WPC-16134
... series of alkanes and cycloalkanes up to CIO, mercaptans up to C5HiiSH and the aromatic hydrocarbons: benzene, toluene and xylene. From these experiments it is clear that crude-oil-like hydro- carbons can be easily produced by heating bacteria. The effect of temperature was investigated by heating non...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Kuwait Oil & Gas Show and Conference, October 13–16, 2019
Paper Number: SPE-198165-MS
... considered renewable. According to the definition in the Renewable Energy Directive ‘biofuels’ means liquid fuel for transport produced from biomass. Before we start discussing biofuels, a small comparison with crude oil. Biofuels In this chapter an overview of different type of renewable fuels...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the CORROSION 2011, March 13–17, 2011
Paper Number: NACE-11140
... and biodegradability. Sources of biofuel raw materials A variety of biolipids can be used to produce biofuel. These are (a) virgin vegetable oil feed stock - rape seed and soybean oils are most commonly used, though other crops such as mustard, palm oil, sunflower, hemp and even algae show promise (b) waste...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production, April 12–14, 2010
Paper Number: SPE-127175-MS
... Abstract Peregrino is an oil production field located in Campos Basin, 85km from the Brazilian coastline. Production well drilling in Peregrino will start April 2010 and approximately 40 wells will be drilled from two well head platforms in two locations over a period of three to five years...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, July 31–August 7, 2010
Paper Number: SPE-140626-MS
... biofuel (OECD/IEA 2008). Algae are feedstocks from aquatic cultivation for production of triglycerides (from algal oil) to produce biodiesel. Algae are low-input, high-yield feedstocks to produce biofuels. Based on laboratory experiments, it claimed that Algae can produces up to 30 times more energy per...
Journal Articles
J Pet Technol 28 (11): 1280–1284.
Paper Number: SPE-6235-PA
Published: 01 November 1976
...- gravity oil. Of the 24 wells drilled from Hilda, seven are now producing 318 B/D of similar crude. No spe- cial precautions were taken to prevent pollution during the uneventful development of this field. The cuttings were dumped in a heap on the sea floor under the plat- forms, where they make broad...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, May 2–5, 1976
Paper Number: OTC-2523-MS
... 290 barrels per day of 28-40 API gravity oil. Twenty-four wells were drilled from Hilda of which 7 are now producing 318 barrels per day of similar crude. No special precautions were taken to prevent pollution during the uneventful development of this field and the cut- tings were dumped in a heap...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE/AAPG/SEG Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, August 1–3, 2016
Paper Number: URTEC-2432833-MS
... and are observed to be chemically homogenous with only minor variations in their molecular composition and biomarker chemistries. Geochemical data including bulk molecular compositions, isoprenoid distributions, and biomarker ratios suggest two major families of oils are produced from Cretaceous reservoirs...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the North Africa Technical Conference and Exhibition, April 15–17, 2013
Paper Number: SPE-164607-MS
.../(C24T + C23t) of figure 10 clearly shows that oils and oil stains are located in lower left corner of the diagram that indicates marine source organic matter ( Gurgey, 1999 ). Based on the previous discussion the organic matter from which the crudes are produced is mainly mixed type organic matter...
Journal Articles
J Pet Technol 40 (09): 1123–1126.
Paper Number: SPE-18459-PA
Published: 01 September 1988
...), corrosionproducts, water-formed scales, bacterial growths and algae, oil (both crude andlubricating), and undissolved treating chemicals. The contaminants primarily responsible for plugging fall into threecategories: Present at the source. Some of theprimary contaminants commonly present at the source include...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Conference on Health, Safety, and Environment, March 17–19, 2014
Paper Number: SPE-168651-MS
... to be a reproductive toxicant since repeated dermal exposures to crude oil for 13-weeks have not produced adverse effects in the reproductive organs of either male or female rats. Hydrocarbon Gases Category (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="R2">API, 2009</xref>) The two substances from oil and gas extraction...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, May 7–10, 1978
Paper Number: OTC-3055-MS
... be attributed to the rapid removal of oil from tidal flat surfaces. Harpacticoid copepods were not adversely affected by crude oil; on the other hand, a significant increase in density of one species (Halectinosoma gothiceps) was noted at chronic oil dosages. Nonetheless a significant decrease...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 10th World Petroleum Congress, September 9–14, 1979
Paper Number: WPC-18103
...-naphthenic crudes from algal material, paraffinic from herbaceous, and possi- bly aromatic from woody. (5) With increasing maturation the potential for oil passes over to a potential for mature condensate, then to a potential for dry gas. (6) Note that although the diagram shows that coaly material can...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 19th World Petroleum Congress, June 29–July 3, 2008
Paper Number: WPC-19-0804
... 19th World Petroleum Congress, Spain 2008 Forum 10: Unconventional crude oils and feedstocks to refineries © World Petroleum Council Biofuels 2.0: Catalytic conversion of ligno-cellulosic biomass Mr Paul OConnor, BIOeCON, Netherlands Abstract The first generation of bio fuels (bio-diesel from vegetable...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the CORROSION 2021, April 19–30, 2021
Paper Number: NACE-2021-16565
..., HNBR, EPDM, silicone and five of the NBRs. In most cases, the HTL bio-crude produced lower (though still unacceptable) swelling than the bio-oil. Materials that showed good compatibility with the HTL biocrude were the fluoroelastomers, OZO, and silicone. Key words: elastomer, bio-oil, bio-crude...

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