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Orifice gas meters

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Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference, November 13–16, 2017
Paper Number: SPE-188659-MS
... envelope of the system and increase its reliability in the field [ Aly 2010 , Barki 2014 , Ding 2015 , Dickerson 1969 , Kumar 2011 , Nathan 2001 , Rivas 1956 , Su 2000 and Wu 2003 ]. In wet gas metering applications, orifice plates are still a reliable choice due to their lower cost and simple...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition in Mexico, February 1–3, 2000
Paper Number: SPE-59034-MS
... orifice meter. Its installation and operation is carried out in accordance with international standards such as American Gas Association, AGA Report No 3, and American Petroleum Institute, API MPMS, Chapter 14, Section 3. The wide ranges of flow rates and the changes of operation conditions in production...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Production Operations Symposium, April 2–4, 1995
Paper Number: SPE-29490-MS
... Abstract A field example of debris-ridden liquids in an orifice meter is presented in this paper. Flow conditions in gas pipelines containing hydrocarbon liquids and particulate matter are discussed. Known effects on measurement of the presence of these materials in orifice meters is presented...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Gas Technology Symposium, June 28–30, 1993
Paper Number: SPE-26158-MS
... transfer. The accuracy of wet gas metering is of great importance, especially allocation and custody meters, because of the monetary value of the large volume of unprocessed natural gas being transferred daily. This paper presents the effect of orifice meter orientation, installed in horizontal, upflow...
Journal Articles
SPE Prod & Oper 6 (01): 40–44.
Paper Number: SPE-19075-PA
Published: 01 February 1991
...Joseph J.S. Shen Summary This paper describes a research project conducted at Chevron U.S.A. Inc.'s Venice, LA, facility to ascertain that the flow condition inside a nominal16-in. [406-mm] custody-transfer orifice meter was in compliance with American Gas Assn. (AGA) requirements. The survey...
Journal Articles
J Pet Technol 17 (06): 657–660.
Paper Number: SPE-1064-PA
Published: 01 June 1965
... to obtain flow rates with an orifice meter for homogeneous fluids such as air, natural gas, various industrial gases, steam. water, oil and all liquids whose physical properties are known. However, serious errors in measurement result when this simple device is used where two or more fluid phases comprise...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Drilling and Production Practice, January 1, 1962
Paper Number: API-62-121
... steps are typical of manual well-testing operations. Field personnel visit a gage setting, and: 1 , divert the previous well out of the test facilities; 2, take a high gage reading and sample from the test tank; 3, open the valve to empty the test tank; 4, change the chart of the orifice gas meter; 5...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the IADC/SPE Managed Pressure Drilling & Underbalanced Operations, March 28–29, 2007
Paper Number: SPE-108349-MS
... characterization, and for determining methods for well control. Most underbalanced equipment service providers currently use conventional orifice meters to measure annular gas flow during underbalance drilling operations. However, there are a number of disadvantages with the use of conventional orifice metering...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Fall Meeting of the Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, October 3–6, 1971
Paper Number: SPE-3469-MS
..., and producing water cut. Pumpers report the raw data on pre-coded, 80-column input forms (Figure 1) which are printed on the reverse side of the standard orifice gas meter chart. After taking a well off test, the pumper fills in the blanks: well name, zone or reservoir name, date, duration of test, choke size...
Journal Articles
SPE Prod & Oper 6 (02): 161–165.
Paper Number: SPE-19076-PA
Published: 01 May 1991
... meters. The Venice facility successfully demonstrated that on-sitecalibration of gas-metering devices can ensure accurate gas-flow measurementunder field conditions. Introduction Orifice or turbine meters usually make custody-transfer measurements ofnatural gas in the U.S. Both devices are guided...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, December 10–12, 2014
Paper Number: IPTC-17763-MS
... Abstract The present work is concerned with a numerical investigation of a hybrid flow metering system that relies on a combination of bluff bodies and orifice plates to minimize process noise effects and have better accuracy measurements. The system is designed for liquid flows comprising...
Journal Articles
J Pet Technol 40 (07): 920–922.
Paper Number: SPE-15393-PA
Published: 01 July 1988
..., pipeline-quality natural gas, and air at three separate flow facilities. Adequate crossover data were obtained to verify consistency between facilities. The archival data base was developed with two sets of five different sizes of meter tubes and two sets of seven orifice-plate sizes for each tube size...
Journal Articles
SPE Prod & Oper 6 (04): 454–458.
Paper Number: SPE-19767-PA
Published: 01 November 1991
... to move gas through acalibrated section of known volume. It is constructed to perform on-sitecalibration of such flowmeters as gas turbine or orifice perform on-sitecalibration of such flowmeters as gas turbine or orifice meters at operatingconditions. The unit can easily be set up in series with a field...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, August 5–7, 2014
Paper Number: SPE-172444-MS
... of the orifice will increase the orifice bore-diameter. The combined effect of this is increase in the beta-ratio (d/D). The orifice flow coefficient depends on the beta-ratio. Abstract A new engineering design and calibration procedures for the natural gas metering system is presented that will enable...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Gas Technology Symposium, January 22–24, 1991
Paper Number: SPE-21509-MS
... by flowing through a flow conditioner even when long upstream lengths of pipe are used. pipe are used. The work described in this paper is part of a research program to minimize flow meter installation effects that can affect adversely the accuracy of orifice and turbine gas flow metering installations...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE/IATMI Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition, October 17–19, 2017
Paper Number: SPE-186238-MS
... Figure 8 Comparison of 2- inches cone flow meter results (0.75 beta) production control FPSO Discharge downstream length subsea system Upstream Oil & Gas beta ratio coefficient Reservoir Surveillance Flow profile orifice plate production monitoring floating production...
Journal Articles
SPE Prod & Oper 8 (01): 58–62.
Paper Number: SPE-22867-PA
Published: 01 February 1993
...V.C. Ting Summary This paper presents the effects of four nonstandard operating conditions on orifice-meter gas-flow measurement accuracy: reversed orifice plates, bent orifice plates, surface roughness on the orifice-meter tubes, and liquid entrainment in the orifice-meter tubes. These are common...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, October 8–11, 1989
Paper Number: SPE-19700-MS
... for metering wellhead steam quality and flow rate. Although orifices are commonly used to monitor superheated or high quality saturated steam exiting an oil or gas-fired boiler, little is known about the reliability and accuracy of using orifice meters over the wide range of pressures, flow rates...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, March 26–30, 2001
Paper Number: SPE-68830-MS
... when using two orifice meters or orifice meter and critical flow choke in series to simultaneously measure injector steam quality and rate are examined. Introduction Orifice meters are commonly used to measure feedwater and fuel gas rates at steam generators because they are relatively inexpensive...

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