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Incompatible waters

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Journal Articles
SPE Res Eng 3 (01): 288–294.
Paper Number: SPE-14126-PA
Published: 01 February 1988
...L. Bertero; G.L. Chierici; G. Gottardi; E. Mesini; G. Mormino Summary. One of the problems encountered in waterflooding projects is scale formation caused by chemical incompatibility between potential injection waters and reservoir brine. Chemical compatibility evaluation through laboratory...
Journal Articles
J Pet Technol 34 (02): 273–284.
Paper Number: SPE-7794-PA
Published: 01 February 1982
... of chemical incompatibilities of waters used in the flood and (2) the forecast of these incompatibility effects on future field operations. This forecast should cover the type, extent, and location of all future damages resulting from chemical incompatibility problems.No damage of any kind would occur if all...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Oilfield and Geothermal Chemistry Symposium, January 25–27, 1982
Paper Number: SPE-10595-MS
... salinity of the brines. In addition, the injection of foreign waters and their associated mixing of incompatible waters give rise to some additional problems in chosing proper inhibitors. The brines resulting from incompatible water mixing contain non-equilibrium concentrations of anionic and catonic...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Drilling and Production Practice, January 1, 1967
Paper Number: API-67-201
... ABSTRACT ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the engineering approach that was used to make incompatible waters both compatible and economical for injection in the Rangely Weber Sand Unit waterflood incompatibility problems resulted from mixing White River water (fresh) and produced Weber water...
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Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Scale, May 26–27, 2004
Paper Number: SPE-87455-MS
... core effluent upstream oil & gas drilling fluid chemistry incompatible water drilling fluids and materials drilling fluid formulation Copyright 2004, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 6th International Symposium on Oilfield Scale held...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Latin America Petroleum Engineering Conference, October 14–19, 1990
Paper Number: SPE-21109-MS
... Abstract The chemical incompatibility of infected seawater and formation water has prompted deposition of barium and strontium sulphate scales in producing wells of the Namorado field. The precipitation Squeeze process was chosen as a means of preventing scale formation in this field...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Oilfield Scale Symposium, May 31–June 1, 2006
Paper Number: SPE-100443-MS
.... This might be the first waterflood operation where incompatible waters with potential iron sulfide precipitation were injected into a tight carbonate reservoir. Mixing disposal water containing high H2S and aquifer water containing dissolved iron results in the precipitation of iron sulfide particles...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Kuwait Oil and Gas Show and Conference, October 8–10, 2013
Paper Number: SPE-167288-MS
... scale remediation Production Chemistry Upstream Oil & Gas Hydrate Remediation hydrate inhibition asphaltene inhibition paraffin remediation wax inhibition asphaltene remediation remediation of hydrates wax remediation WELL PERFORMANCE data water incompatibility Scale...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition, November 11–14, 2012
Paper Number: SPE-161314-MS
... Abstract This study presents examples of fields operated by Total where are observed incompatibilities between reservoir formation water and injected seawater. In these examples, we show the scatter between risk estimated by modeling and site observations. The prediction of calcium sulfate...
Journal Articles
Journal: SPE Journal
SPE J. 25 (05): 2615–2631.
Paper Number: SPE-201117-PA
Published: 15 October 2020
...Mehdi Mohammadi; Siavash Riahi Summary Waterflooding is known as an affordable method to enhance oil recovery after primary depletion. However, the chemical incompatibility between injected water and the water in the reservoir may cause the formation of mineral scales. The most effective method...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference, November 11–14, 2019
Paper Number: SPE-197802-MS
... the efficiency and reliability of this technique. Mineral scale precipitation, fine migration and wettability alteration are possible drawbacks of wateflooding. Calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate are most common types of predicted scales of the incompatibility between the injection and the formation water...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Oilfield Scale Conference and Exhibition, May 11–12, 2016
Paper Number: SPE-179915-MS
... that of the typical sulfate salts, is studied. Scale formation is resulted from incompatible interactions between the injection and formation water. Precipitation of the unwanted solid materials on a surface is responsible for some problems as the formation damage, and short life of the completion equipment...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, February 18–20, 2004
Paper Number: SPE-86525-MS
... is estimated at 42md. (From well test). Sand thickness is over 100m, and a mixture of inter-bedded Aeolian, Fluvian and Sabkha units. enhanced recovery injectivity hydrate inhibitor incompatibility inhibitor core flood produced water discharge fluid dynamics upstream oil & gas...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, February 5–7, 2003
Paper Number: SPE-80257-MS
... water re-injection projects using commingled waters produced from different fields containing potential incompatibilities both from the co-mingled brines themselves and also as a result of the diverse range of treatment chemicals present in the individual production streams. The strategies employed...
Journal Articles
SPE Prod & Oper 7 (01): 85–92.
Paper Number: SPE-19762-PA
Published: 01 February 1992
... at 70 degrees C to examine (Ba, Sr)SO4solid-solution scale formation in porous media and the formation damageresulting from the mixing of two incompatible waters. The paper is acontinuation of the previously reported room-temperature work. paper is acontinuation of the previously reported room...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Oilfield Scale Symposium, May 31–June 1, 2006
Paper Number: SPE-100512-MS
... Abstract Previous work has derived an analytical model for simultaneous flow of incompatible waters in porous media with sulphate salt precipitation, determined typical values of kinetics reaction coefficient from corefloods and what the impact would be on productivity impairment during...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, April 20–22, 2009
Paper Number: SPE-121679-MS
... of the formation water (FW), (carbonate scale associated with changes in pressure and pH) or the mixing of incompatible waters (FW and injection water). While the cost of scale control has been high, both in terms of deferred production and remedial treatments, downhole scale management has generally been...
Journal Articles
J Pet Technol 35 (07): 1249–1255.
Paper Number: SPE-10597-PA
Published: 01 July 1983
..., and barium sulfate scales have been cited often in the literature. More recently, strontium sulfate scaling problems have been reported from oil fields in the problems have been reported from oil fields in the U.A.E. and Algeria. Mixing of chemically incompatible waters as a result of waterflooding...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Drilling and Production Practice, January 1, 1970
Paper Number: API-70-201
... the trouble really begins. A thorough understanding of scale formation is required before successful treatment can be assured. CAUSES OF SCALE DEPOSITION Three major causes of scale deposition have been identified. Mixture of Two Incompatible Waters One mixture possibility is foreign water entry...

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