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Economics of treating emulsions

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Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Production Operations Symposium, March 13–14, 1989
Paper Number: SPE-18850-MS
... restricted flow area between the formation and the pipl ine. Different fields, leases and wells can all produce different emulsions and, consequently, different treating problems for the operator. 2 THE THEORY AND ECONOMICS OF ELECI'ROSTATIC TREATERS SPE 18850 EMULSION TREATING PROBLEMS The difficulty...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, January 13–15, 2020
Paper Number: IPTC-20231-MS
... to emulsion and optimisation treatment programs. Once the wells were treated and the method was confirmed to prove emulsion existence, a focused approach was carried out to understand it further. Wells were categorised based on their production response to standard demulsifier bullheading. In addition...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Production Automation Symposium, April 16–17, 1964
Paper Number: SPE-857-MS
... installations. The method offers an important addition to the practice of treating oil field emulsions. Under certain conditions, discussed in the paper, its use may be of distinctive economic advantage. THE PAST AND THE PRESENT . . . RELATED: The problem of separating water from produced crude oil...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, March 18–21, 2019
Paper Number: SPE-195089-MS
... to coalese the water droplets and break emulsions. When considering all of the above, it is easy to understand why treating emulsions in oil wells has always been conducted on a case by case basis. Since production commencement in the the early 1930’s, treating emulsion in the Bahrain Field has always...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Drilling and Production Practice, January 1, 1942
Paper Number: API-42-154
... ABSTRACT The author discusses the improvements that have been made during the past several years in the art of handling and treating oil-field emulsions. These improvements include wider dissemination of knowledge of the subject, better chemicals, and new equipment-most of which was designed...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Technical Meeting / Petroleum Conference of The South Saskatchewan Section, October 5–7, 1987
Paper Number: PETSOC-SS-87-15
... to the stability of the o/w emulsion is that the membrane is not SUbject to as severe a gel formation at the membrane surface where the emulsion is stable enough to resist oil agglomeration during the selective removal of water. PROCESS ECONOMICS The experimental results were used to compare the costs of treating...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, December 10–12, 2014
Paper Number: IPTC-17824-MS
... with high total dissolved solids (TDS) and high divalent cation content poses extreme challenges for emulsion friction reducers because cations hinder the inversion of friction reducers and cause loss of efficiency of friction reduction. Treating produced water to the quality suitable for conventional...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Western North American and Rocky Mountain Joint Meeting, April 17–18, 2014
Paper Number: SPE-169586-MS
...) for removing dissolved hydrocarbons and suspended solids coated with hydrocarbons along with a chemical treatment for water conditioning prior to the DAF to improve performance. Emulsion treating for processing the DAF froth waste stream, field emulsions and tank bottoms. Sludge dewatering using a belt...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, May 13–14, 2003
Paper Number: SPE-82252-MS
... in a single week. All of these field operations were simple and were carried out with no operational or safety problems. Thus, the use of the wetting agent proved to be a successful method for breaking hidden emulsions. Two of the wells treated in this manner, R-A2 and R-A3, respond with an increase...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, October 20–22, 2008
Paper Number: SPE-115222-MS
... Abstract SCOMI Energy in cooperation with PETRONAS Carigali Miri Crude Oil Terminal (MCOT) implemented a pilot project to demonstrate the effectiveness, technical and economical, of the emulsion treatment technology known as X-O-T for emulsion resolution and crude oil recovery. A typical...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, November 10–13, 2014
Paper Number: SPE-171749-MS
... at the operator site by the contractor under a pilot project. Over the term of the contract, more than 100,000 bbl of raw sludge had been treated meeting the following KPI's: Oil < 1.0% BS&W, Water < 20 ppm OIW and Solids < 1.0% TPH. The process has been applied in-situ where the emulsions...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium and Western Regional Meeting, March 16–18, 2004
Paper Number: SPE-86932-MS
.... The average economic limit steam-oil-ratio is about four, independent of reservoir permeability 3. The oil-in-water emulsion, or so-called reverse emulsion, is produced in all SAGD operations. Despite the variations of the treating systems, chemicals are always required to resolve this reverse emulsion, i.e...
Journal Articles
SPE Advanced Technology Series 2 (02): 214–221.
Paper Number: SPE-24539-PA
Published: 01 April 1994
... to the adoption of the POPAs as the treating chemicals for the M-1 Project. This paper describes the produced-fluid emulsion from the M-1 Project, details the treating problems encountered while using CADs, and relates how the switch to the POP As improved both the quality of the separations and the economics...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Annual Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition, October 1–3, 1978
Paper Number: SPE-7406-MS
... contact area. The optimu'm balance between these factors will yield the most economical treating system. Interfacial tension can be reduced by introducing surface active chemicals and by increasing 1he tem- perature of the emulsion. Heating the emulsion, how- ever, not only requires the consumptiOIJ...
Journal Articles
SPE Prod & Oper 9 (03): 179–182.
Paper Number: SPE-25931-PA
Published: 01 August 1994
... & Facilities, August 1994. Summary Crude oil tank bottoms and other petroleum oily sludges and emulsions containing paraffins and volatile hydrocarbons can be economically reprocessed with heavy-oil dehydration facilities to recover residual hydrocarbons and to achieve volume reductions. The main factors...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, August 6–8, 2012
Paper Number: SPE-162989-MS
.... production chemistry upstream oil & gas emulsion separation and treating fluid compatibility demulsification chemical treatment local demulsifier crude oil emulsion nigeria asphaltene agent viscosity demulsifier petroleum interface spe 162989 water-in-oil emulsion mimbo field oilfield...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, April 20–22, 2009
Paper Number: SPE-121742-MS
...-treated water phase was found to be 30 mg/L, thus reducing the oil-in-water content by 99%. This paper will present the demulsification methodology, chemistry of ozonolysis and results obtained to meet or exceed the oil-in-water discharge limits of 30 mg/L. The environmental and economic impact...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE California Regional Meeting, November 4–5, 1965
Paper Number: SPE-1328-MS
... .. , ,- . . .. . .. . SPE 1328 .- PAUL L. BANSBACH 3 . . . it is doubtful that any emulsion exi;ts. Reverse emulsions usually contain only s rhall amounts of oil and in many instances the treating of such is necessitated by disposal restrictions rather than the economic advantage. from the oil , recovery. Frequently finely...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 6th World Petroleum Congress, June 19–26, 1963
Paper Number: WPC-10528
... Abstract. A treating process using certain petroleum emulsions was developed that reduces seepage of water from irrigation canals by as much as 90%. The process involves ponding or flowing the diluted emulsion in the canals. The emulsion penetrates the soil and forms a water impermeable...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, August 4–6, 2015
Paper Number: SPE-178381-MS
... economic picture of a treating facility. Excess heat is not supplementary when it is more commercial to add chemical or set up electrostatic heat. The treatment of crude oil emulsion cannot be overemphasized in the oil transportation, storage and processing. Thus, this study is aimed...

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