Video: Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Pore Size on Saturation Pressure for Gas Mixtures
- Shadi Salahshoor (University of Oklahoma) | Mashhad Fahes (University of Oklahoma)
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- Society of Petroleum Engineers
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- 2018. Copyright is retained by the author. This presentation is distributed by SPE with the permission of the author. Contact the author for permission to use material from this video.
- 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.2 Fluid Characterization, 1.2.3 Rock properties, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements
- Unconventional, Confinement, Phase Behabior, EOS, Shale Gas
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Accurate determination of the dew point pressure of gas condensates in nano-porous ultra-low permeability reservoirs is crucial to prevent liquid dropout inside the formation. This paper presents a proof of concept experimental data and procedure to explain the effect of the pore size distribution on the degree and direction of the shift in the saturation pressure of gas mixtures under confinement compared to the bulk behavior.
We built a packed bed of BaTiO3 nanoparticles, providing a homogenous porous medium with pores of 5 to 50 nm, providing a volume more than 1000 times larger than typical nano channels. We designed an isochoric apparatus to monitor pressure for a fixed volume of fluid under confinement and bulk conditions simultaneously. A binary mixture of ethane-pentane undergoes an isochoric process with pressures of 10 to 1500 psi and temperatures of 290 to 425 K. The result is a set of Isochoric lines for the bulk and confined sample, plotted on the phase envelope to demonstrate the change in saturation pressure.
Many attempts in explaining the shift in saturation pressures of the reservoir fluid confined in the narrow pores of unconventional reservoirs compared to those of the bulk can be found in the literature. However, there are some contradiction between the predicted behavior using different mathematical approaches. Experimental data could be substantially helpful in both validating models and improving the understanding of the fluid behavior in these formations. Contrary to what many published models predict, our results show that confinement effects shift the dew point pressure towards higher values compared to the bulk for a fixed temperature in the retrograde region. In the non-retrograde region, however, this shift is towards lower dew point pressure values for the confined fluid compared to the bulk. Capillary condensation is assumed to be the main source of the deviations observed in the behavior of fluids inside nanopores. We evaluate published models, including those based on EOS modifications, by comparing it to experimental results to provide a quantification of their accuracy in predicting saturation pressure values for confined mixture.
This paper provides an alternative approach to examine the effect of pore size on phase behavior over a decent and practical range of pressures and temperatures. The synthesized porous medium is very helpful in uncoupling the effect of pore size from the effect of mineralogy on the observed deviations in behavior. Experimental findings are valuable for validating existing theories and can be used to adjust proposed mathematical approaches towards better predictions of saturation pressures for other systems.