The Fry In Situ Combustion Test-Performance
- G.A. Clark (Marathon Oil Co.) | R.G. Jones (Marathon Oil Co.) | W.L. Kinney (Marathon Oil Co.) | R.E. Schilson (Marathon Oil Co.) | H. Surkalo (Marathon Oil Co.) | R.S. Wilson (Marathon Oil Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- March 1965
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 348 - 353
- 1965. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 284 since 2007
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Clark, G.A., Marathon Oil Co., Findlay, Ohio, Jones R.G., Marathon Oil Co., Tulsa, Okla., Kinney, W. L., Marathon Oil Co., Terre Haute, Ind., Schilson, R.E., Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, Colo., Members AIME, Surkalo, H., Junior Member AIME, Marathon Oil Co., Terre Haute, Ind., Wilson, R.S., Marathon Oil Co., Terre Haute, Ind.
This paper discusses the results of the Fry conventional or cocurrent in situ combustion test, which was conducted in a 3.3-acre inverted five-spot. The depth of the formation was between 880 and 936 ft; the oil had a specific gravity of 28.6 API and a viscosity of about 40 cp at the reservoir temperature of 65F. Preceding the combustion test, air injection tests were conducted which, in conjunction with geological studies, were used to evaluate the characteristics of the reservoir. Combustion was initiated on Oct. 13. 1961, with ignition being accomplished by a 40 kw electrical heater. The test phase of the project ended on Oct. 1, 1963. During the test, the average air injection rate was 1,520,000 scf/D. Throughout the test, production of all fluids-gas, oil, and water-was monitored. Cumulative oil production credited to the project was 100,586 bbl. The cumulative air-oil ratio was 11,500 scf/bbl oil, and the oxygen utilization efficiency was 87 per cent.
The Marathon Oil Co. conducted a successful in situ combustion test, beginning Aug. 22, 1961, at the Fry unit, Crawford County, Ill. The purpose of the project was to test the feasibility of cocurrent in situ combustion as a means of oil recovery in the Fry type reservoir. Interest in in-situ combustion as an oil recovery tool has been stimulated mostly by the existence of large reserves of heavy viscous crudes with low expected recovery, usually less than 10 per cent. These are the so-called unrecoverable reserves, and most combustion tests to date have been conducted in this type of reservoir. In contrast, the Fry combustion test was conducted in a reservoir with a relatively high gravity oil having a relatively low viscosity. This paper discusses the performance of the test. The geology of the reservoir and the field operations are discussed in separate papers.
The Fry combustion test was carried out in a 3.3-acre inverted five-spot portion of a lenticular body of Robinson sandstone. Net sand was 50 ft thick, porosity averaged 19.7 per cent, oil saturation was 68 per cent of pore volume, and water saturation was 20 per cent of pore volume. The oil in place was estimated at 1,040 bbl/acre-foot, or 171,600 bbl within the 3.3-acre pattern. The water in place was 326 bbl/acre-foot, or 53,800 bbl. The oil has a specific gravity of 28.7 API and a viscosity of 40 cp at the reservoir temperature of 65F.
AIR INJECTION PERFORMANCE
Air injection took place in two phases, the phases separated by ignition of the reservoir. In the pre-ignition phase, air injection tests were conducted in the summers of 1960 and 1961. These indicated that the Fry reservoir was confined, and a high return rate of injected air could be expected. This proved to be an outstanding characteristic of the project, as cumulative gas production was 95.3 per cent of the air injected. The difference between the cumulative air injected and the total gas produced can be largely accounted for by the quantity of air stored in the reservoir. An estimated 16 x 10(6) scf of air remained in the burned-out portion of the reservoir and an indeterminate amount of gas was stored in the unburned but pressurized reservoir. Hence, a complete material balance of gases would account for nearly 100 per cent of the air injected. At times during the test, the daily gas production rate was 98 per cent of the daily air injection rate.
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