The Fry In Situ Combustion Test-Field Operations
- G.A. Clark (Marathon Oil Co.) | R.G. Jones (Marathon Oil Co.) | W.L. Kinney (Marathon Oil Co.) | R.E. Schilson (Marathon Oil Co.) | H. Surkalo (Marathon Oil Co.) | R.S. Wilson (Marathon Oil Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- March 1965
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 343 - 347
- 1965. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 252 since 2007
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Clark, G.A., Marathon Oil Co., Findlay, Ohio, Jones, R.G., Marathon Oil Co., Tulsa, Okla., Kinney, W.L., Marathon Oil Co., Terre Haute, Ind., Schilson, R.E., Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, Colo., Members AIME, Surkalo, H., Junior Member AIME, Marathon Oil Co., Terre Haute, Ind., Wilson, R.S., Marathon Oil Co., Terre Haute, Ind.
This paper describes the field operations at the Fry in situ combustion project in Crawford County, Ill. Field operations may be divided into three phases preliminary engineering studies of 1960 and 1961, ignition, and, finally, operation of the test. The Fry combustion project was a pilot test of cocurrent in situ combustion on a 3.3-acre inverted five-spot. In the summer of 1960, air injection tests were conducted using old wells in the area and a new air injection well drilled especially for the test. In the summer of 1961, four new oil wells were drilled on a 3.3 acre pattern for the pilot test. All old wells in the near vicinity of the pilot test were abandoned to preclude any possibility of gas escaping to adjacent formations. A compressor plant was also installed at the test site in 1961. Air injection tests and other engineering studies were made. At the conclusion of these tests, ignition was accomplished with a 40 kw electrical igniter. Operation of the Fry combustion test was little different from the usual oilfield operation with the exception of the high rate of air injection. No difficulty was found with the openhole completion. There were no unusual corrosion or emulsion problems until bottom-hole temperatures exceeded 150F. Four cores were drilled into the burned-out portion of the reservoir with no mechanical difficulties.
A cocurrent or conventional in situ combustion test was conducted on the Fry unit of the Marathon Oil Co., in Crawford County, Ill. Besides testing combustion in the Fry type of reservoir, the test was intended to evaluate various operating procedures. This paper presents a discussion of the Fry combustion test field operations. The geology of the reservoir and the test performance are discussed in other papers.
HISTORY OF THE FRY UNIT
The Fry unit consists of 11 leases totaling 337 acres in an area in which oil was originally discovered in 1906. Production from this reservoir, as from all Robinson sand reservoirs in the area, was very high during the first few years. As the dissolved-gas energy was dissipated, early attempts to retard the decline consisted of vacuum, air, and gas repressuring, and recently, most of the area has been subjected to water flooding. Following early air repressuring, the Fry waterflood unit was formed and water flooding initiated in July, 1952. In the area in which the Fry combustion test was conducted, a peripheral water flood of a 160-acre area was developed as shown in Fig. 1. Between 1956 and 1960, it became apparent that the water flood was unsuccessful. In looking for a suitable site for an in situ combustion test, the Marathon Oil Co. selected the Fry unit as possessing those features most desirable for such a research project. Field operations associated with the Fry combustion test began in the spring of 1960.
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