Water-flooding in the Mid-Continent
- George H. Fancher (University of Texas) | Kenneth B. Barnes (University of Tulsa)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Transactions of the AIME
- Publication Date
- December 1936
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 138 - 176
- 1936. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 5.4.1 Waterflooding, 5.5.2 Core Analysis, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 5.8.5 Oil Sand, Oil Shale, Bitumen, 1.14 Casing and Cementing, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 5.6.2 Core Analysis, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 4.3.4 Scale, 3.1.6 Gas Lift, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 5.7.5 Economic Evaluations, 3.2.4 Acidising, 5.1.2 Faults and Fracture Characterisation, 1.6 Drilling Operations
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With the advent of water-flooding into active commercial usage in half adozen areas in the Mid-Continent, the process passes the experimental stage andjoins other methods and processes now in use which have been found suitable inone oil field or another in securing a more profitable production than hasexisted heretofore. The use of the air-gas lift, acidization, pressuremaintenance and repressuring have presented their problems in economics andengineering during their introduction and extended application. When a newfield is discovered or attention is turned to an old producing area in whichthese methods have not been considered, it is to be expected that theseproblems again arise. While some information i;; available as to the resultsobtained by water-flooding in a few localities in the Mid-Continent, theextrapolation of the sand data on which the results are based, for evengeneralized use in other areas and fields in the region, is hazardous. It isprecarious to assume that the same physical condition will obtain in a sandover more than small, special areas.
This paper is concerned with a brief presentation of such data as are availableto the authors on existing operations, a survey of the region and extent towhich application of the method seems most likely to be made, an estimation ofthe crude reserve existing for such operations, suggestions as to theimportance of core analysis in guarding against uncontrolled floods. and itsusefulness in predicting ultimate recoveries, and comment on some of theeconomic phases involved. These subjects, as concerned with water-flooding inthe East (notably Bradford, Pennsylvania), have been discussed in detail in theliterature and are generally well known. Especially is this true of discussionsof the mechanical equipment and various lease layouts and development patternsfor water-flooding.
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