The Russian Oil Fields
- A. Adiassevich
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Transactions of the AIME
- Publication Date
- December 1915
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 613 - 626
- 1915. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 4.3.4 Scale, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4.6 Natural Gas, 1.2.3 Rock properties, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 5.8.5 Oil Sand, Oil Shale, Bitumen
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Petroleum has been found in Russia in various localities from north tosouth, as may be seen from the list given below:
(a) In the basin of the Petchora river, Northern Russia.
(b) In the basin of the Volga river, in the governments of Samara andSaratoff.
(c) In the government of Astrakhan and in the Uralsk territory, close to thenorthern and eastern coast of the Caspian Sea.
(d) At Grozny in Northeastern Caucasus.
(e) In the Daghestan territory, Eastern Caucasus, on the Caspian Sea.
(f) On the Apsheron peninsula (Baku and other districts) close to the CaspianSea shore.
(g) On the island of Tcheleken in the Caspian Sea, also on the island ofSviatoi.
(h) In the Transcaspian territory on the Neftianaia Gora (Oil hill) and on thesurrounding hills.
(i) In the Ferghana valley in Russian Central Asia.
(j) On the Kertch and Taman peninsulas on the Black sea.
(k) In Siberia it has been discovered in the Transbaikal territory and on theisland of Sakhalin.
In the above-mentioned districts petroleum has been found to exist underdifferent geological conditions and to vary in its chemical and physicalproperties.
At the present time petroleum is produced in Russia at Baku, Grozny, on theisland of Tcheleken, in the Ferghana district, and in the Uralsk territory. Theyearly production in 1912 throughout the Russian Empire amounted to 69,400,000barrels, of which the Baku fields were responsible for 52,000,000 barrels. Thisshows that the Balm fields on the Apsheron peninsula are the chiefoil-producing centers in Russia, being at the same time the oldest of all ouroil fields. In this paper I shall discuss the Baku fields only, leaving all theothers until a later date.
The Apsheron peninsula in the Eastern Caucasus protrudes into the Caspian seain the shape of a triangle some 47 miles long covering a total area of some 750square miles.
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