The Effective Compressibility of Reservoir Rock and Its Effects on Permeability
- A.S. McLatchie (Imperial Oil Ltd.) | R.A. Hemstock (Imperial Oil Ltd.) | J.W. Young (Imperial Oil Ltd.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- June 1958
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 49 - 51
- 1958. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 5.3.4 Integration of geomechanics in models
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Results and experimental procedures are presented covering a preliminary laboratory investigation of the compaction of reservoir rocks and its effect on porosity and permeability.
"Effective" compressibility was measured by subjecting core material to an overburden load and reducing pore pressure. Preliminary results showed relatively high effective compressibilities which varied from 1.8 x 10(-6) pore volume/pore volume/lb/in. for limestones to 7.7 x 10(-6) pore volume/pore volume/lb/in. and even higher for sandstone reservoirs containing large amounts of fine clay material. It appeared from the initial results that the effective compressibility of the material could not be correlated directly with porosity and that other factors, such as the amount of clay material present might have to be taken into account. The work to date has indicated that effective compressibility factors will have to be measured for the particular reservoirs being studied.
Oil permeability of core material was measured under various effective overburden loads from 0 to 8,000 psi. It has been found that reduction of permeability in clean sands was relatively small and the results agreed with published data. For sandstones containing large amounts of clay, preliminary tests indicated very large reductions in permeability with increasing effective overburden pressures. It is planned to continue laboratory work on this phase because of its importance in low-permeability reservoirs.
During the past few years increasing interest has been shown in the differences obtained between conventional laboratory measurements on cores at atmospheric pressure and those when reservoir conditions are simulated. Since these data are used as the basis for calculations and the prediction of reservoir behavior, their evaluation under reservoir conditions is most important.
The effect of the compressibility of the rock upon the reservoir behavior, as fluid pressure declines, is an important subject which has been insufficiently studied. The total pressure on any plane through a reservoir is the result of the grain-to-grain rock pressure due to the overburden and the pressure of the interstitial fluid on the plane.
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