Equilibrium Calculations on the Kelly-Snyder Reservoir
- Harvey T. Kennedy (Texas Petroleum Research Committee) | Stephen G. Dardaganian (Texas Petroleum Research Committee) | John L. Clanton (Pan American Petroleum Corp.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- September 1959
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 92 - 94
- 1959. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology
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This paper presents equilibrium ratios measured on oil and gas samples taken from the Kelly-Snyder field at the reservoir temperature of 128°F. From these data smoothed curves were constructed for the reservoir fluid up to the bubble-point, 1,874 psia. A material balance calculation, based on the use of equilibrium ratios instead of the usual solubility and shrinkage measurements is made on the field and compared to the conventional method.
Determination of Equilibrium Ratios
The equilibrium ratios, or K values were obtained by recombining separator samples of oil and gas taken when the reservoir was above its bubble point, and thus represented the reservoir fluid before any change had occurred due to the evolution of gas. The well sampled had a gas-oil ratio of 617 cu ft of high pressure separator gas per barrel of separator oil, and a bottom-hole temperature of 128°F.
Samples were brought to equilibrium by agitating for 24 hours in a thermostat, maintained at the proper temperature within 0.2 °F, mercury being added when necessary to maintain the pressure constant. Samples of oil and gas were then taken by constant pressure displacement, and analyzed by low temperature fractionation.
Equilibrium ratios were determined at 128°F and 500, 800, 1,000 and 1,400 psig. At the latter pressure, there were indications that the gas samples were contaminated with small quantities of oil, and only data taken at the first three pressures were included in Fig. 1. This figure has been extended to higher and lower pressures by the use of the Fluor charts for 3,000 psi convergence pressure, on which the experimental points fit well.
Material Balance Equations
The possible errors involved in conventional material balance equations have been analyzed by Muskat. Where the errors occur in field measurements, or in obtaining effective averages from variables such as gas-oil ratio and pressure, they will evidently be involved in any attempt to estimate the content of the reservoir.
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