Some Aspects of Sand-Oil Fracturing in Long Heterogeneous Sand Sections
- Lejeune Wilson (International Petroleum Co. Ltd.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- March 1956
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 12 - 16
- 1956. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 1.14 Casing and Cementing, 5.6.1 Open hole/cased hole log analysis, 4.3.4 Scale, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 1.2.3 Rock properties, 2.2.2 Perforating, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control
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On the northwestern coast of Peru, the International Petroleum Co., Ltd., initiated sand-oil fracturing in late 1953. As of May 31, 1955, 319 jobs had been performed in 61 of the 71 producing pools and in all eight of the producing formations. The wells treated have thick producing sections completed through gun-perforated casing, perforated liners, or combination strings.
In the average treatment 300 bbl of refined oil was used to carry 18,900 lb of Ottawa sand; in most cases, the sand-oil mix was injected down the annular space. About 50 per cent of the jobs were done in wells where a thick series of sands and shales were exposed.
Of the 319 jobs done, 70 per cent (or 271 jobs) were successful; the total additional oil produced of May 31, 1955, was 1,860,633 bbl and at that time additional oil was still being produced at the rate of 5,419 BOPD. Only the six most important producing sands are discussed in the paper. In one of these (Lower Parinas sand) a comparison was made between the results of nitroshooting and sand-oil fracturing. Composite production curves and typical electrical-log sections are shown for each of the six sands. Also a statistical summary of results from all eight formations is presented.
Variables which might have affected the success of treatments were investigated empirically and theoretically, but no satisfactory means of predicting results of sand-oil fracturing was found. It was noted, however, that the beneficial effects were divided into three categories: induced fractures, elimination of well damage, and opening new reservoirs. The general conclusions were that sand-oil fracturing was successful in wells where as much as 75 per cent of the exposed formation was shale, in old, apparently depleted wells, and that opening new reservoirs plus the elimination of well damage were important factors in the successes.
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