Temperature Surveys in Gas Producing Wells
- K.S. Kunz (Schlumberger Well Surveying Corp.) | M.P. Tixier (Schlumberger Well Surveying Corp.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Transactions of the AIME
- Publication Date
- December 1955
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 111 - 119
- 1955. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
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Published in Petroleum Transactions, AIME, Volume 204, 1955, pages 111-119.
A method for the interpretation of temperature curves recorded in gas producing wells is described. One essential feature of the method is a simple graphical construction which conveniently reflects the amount of gas flowing from a given producing formation.
This method, applied in conjunction with the Induction Log and radioactivity logs, is valuable to determine the points of entry of gas and to estimate the over-all thickness of the producing zones and their respective contributions to the total production. The method in particular is helpful in evaluating the effect of fracturing operations.
An outstanding result of the application of the method is to bring to the light the relative importance of sand-shale interfaces in the production of gas.
The paper is illustrated with field examples.
The electrical logging tools involving conventional systems are not applied in wells which do not contain water base mud (empty holes, or wells filled with oil base mud), because of the absence of electrical connection between the electrodes and the surrounding formations. It is, therefore, common practice in this case to use other methods which do not require the presence of a conductive fluid in the borehole: resistivity log with scratcher electrodes, Induction Log, radioactivity logs, temperature log. . . .
Such conditions are encountered in some regions, as the San Juan Basin, N. Mex., where a technique of drilling gas wells, using gas as a drilling fluid, has been introduced in the last two years.
By the middle of 1953, an appropriate method for the logging of these wells was devised on the basis of field tests and of theoretical studies. It is the purpose of the present paper to give a description of this method.
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