A Novel Method for Diagnosis of Sucker-Rod Pumping Systems Based on the Polished-Rod Load Vibration in Vertical Wells
- JiaoJian Yin (China University of Petroleum, East China) | Dong Sun (Technical Testing Center of Shengli Oilfield Branch of Sinopec) | Yousheng Yang (Ocean University of China)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- October 2020
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 2,470 - 2,481
- 2020.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- one-dimensional wave equation, the sucker rod string, parameters estimation, the pump dynamometer card, diagnostic method
- 12 in the last 30 days
- 32 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
The pump dynamometer card is a direct reflection of the operating conditions of the downhole pump, which is important for the diagnosis of sucker-rod pumping systems. In this paper, we propose a novel diagnostic method based on the estimation of the parameters from the polished-rod load vibration signal of sucker-rod pumping systems in a vertical well. In this study, we deduce a new analytic solution of the 1D wave equation of the sucker-rod string, which can be used for the predictive and diagnostic analyses. The relationship between the polished-rod load vibration and the pump equivalent impulse load based on the analytic solution is studied, and the diagnostic parameter estimating method is proposed. Therefore, the pump dynamometer card calculated method based on the surface dynamometer card is realized. This study shows that the method is efficient.
|File Size||811 KB||Number of Pages||12|
Aditsania, A., Rahmawati, S. D., Sukarno, P. et al. 2015. Modeling and Simulation Performance of Sucker Rod Beam Pump. AIP Conf Proc 1677 (1): 080008. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4930739.
Aliev, F. A., Dzhamalbekov, M. A., Veliev, N. A. et al. 2019. Computer Simulation of Crude Oil Extraction Using a Sucker Rod Pumping Unit in the Oil Well–Reservoir System. Int Appl Mech 55 (3): 332–341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10778-019-00959-x.
Aliev, T. A., Rzayev, A. H., Guluyev, G. A. et al. 2018. Robust Technology and System for Management of Sucker Rod Pumping Units in Oil Wells. Mech Syst Sig Process 99: 47–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymssp.2017.06.010.
Bakhtizin, R. N., Urazakov, K. R., Ismagilov, S. F. et al. 2017. Dynamic Model of a Rod Pump Installation for Inclined Wells. SOCAR Proceedings 4 (4): 74–82. https://doi.org/10.5510/ogp20170400333.
C?e??a?o?a, C. B. 2005. The Dynamometer Card of Well Pumping Unit Modeling. Valves’ Leakages (in Russian). Neftyanoe Khozyaistvo - Oil Industry 3. http://ngdelo.ru/files/old_ngdelo/2005/1/47-54.pdf.
Chen, Z., White, L. W., and Zhang, H. 2018. Predicting Sucker-Rod Pumping Systems with Fourier Series. SPE Prod & Oper 33 (4): 928–940. SPE-189991-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/189991-PA.
Everitt, T. A. and Jennings, J. W. 1992. An Improved Finite-Difference Calculation of Downhole Dynamometer Cards for Sucker-Rod Pumps. SPE Prod Eng 7 (1): 121–127. SPE-18189-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/18189-PA.
Gibbs, S. G. 1963. Predicting the Behavior of Sucker-Rod Pumping Systems. J Pet Technol 15 (7): 769–778. SPE-588-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/588-PA.
Gibbs, S. G. and Neely, A. B. 1966. Computer Diagnosis of Down-Hole Conditions in Sucker Rod Pumping Wells. J Pet Technol 18 (1): 91–98. SPE-1165-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/1165-PA.
Hojjati, M. H. and Gittins, S. A. 2005. Modelling of Sucker Rod String. J Can Pet Technol 44 (12): 55–58. PETSOC-05-12-02. https://doi.org/10.2118/05-12-02.
Khakimyanov, M. I. and Khusainov, F. F. 2016. The Information Processing of Dynamometer Cards at Controllers of Automation Power Drives Sucker Rod Pumps. Paper presented at the IX International Conference on Power Drives Systems (ICPDS), Perm, Russia, 3–7 October. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPDS.2016.7756690.
Khodabandeh, A. and Miska, S. 1991. A Simple Method for Predicting the Performance of a Sucker-Rod Pumping System. Paper presented at the SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, 22–25 October. SPE-23429-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/23429-MS.
Ko??o?, B. ?., C??opo?, M. E., and C?e??a?o?a, C. B. 2004. Simulation of Sucker-Rod Pump Dynamometer Card. The Normal Operating Conditions (in Russian). He??e?a?o?oe ?e?o 2: 75–78. http://www.ngdelo.ru/2004/75-81.pdf.
Li, J. and Li, Z. 1999. Prediction and Diagnosis of Sucker-Rod Pumping Systems in Directional Wells. Paper SPE-57014-MS available from SPE, Richardson, Texas, USA.
Li, K., Han, Y., and Wang, T. 2018. A Novel Prediction Method for Down-Hole Working Conditions of the Beam Pumping Unit Based on 8-Directions Chain Codes and Online Sequential Extreme Learning Machine. J Pet Sci Eng 160: 285–301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2017.10.052.
Lin, K. S. 2011. Mathematical Modelling and Solution Procedure for the Behavior of Sucker-Rod Pumping System. Paper presented at the Ninth International Conference on Computer Applications (ICCA 2011), Yangon, Myanmar, 5–6 May. http://onlineresource.ucsy.edu.mm/handle/123456789/83.
Liu, S., Yang, S., and Yang, S. 2014. Research on the Mathematical Modeling and Diagnosis of Rod Pumping System (in Chinese). Math Comput 3 (1): 11–18. http://www.ivypub.org/MC/download/9825.shtml.
Lyu, X. and Ren, X. 2013. An Interactive Oil Well Production Prediction Method for Sucker-Rod Pumps Based on Dynamometer Diagram. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Measurement, Information and Control, Harbin, China, 16–18 August. https://doi.org/10.1109/MIC.2013.6757910.
Pons, V. M. 2014. Optimal Stress Calculations for Sucker-Rod Pumping Systems. Paper presented at the SPE Artificial Lift Conference & Exhibition—North America, Houston, Texas, USA, 6–8 October. SPE-171346-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/171346-MS.
Romero, O. J. and Almeida, P. 2014. Numerical Simulation of the Sucker-Rod Pumping System. Ingeniería e Investigación 34 (3): 4–11. https://doi.org/10.15446/ing.investig.v34n3.40835.
Sadov, V. B. 2013. Simulation of Dynamometer Cards with Various Defects of Oil Well Equipment (in Russian). In Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Ser. Computer Technologies, Automatic Control, Radio Electronics, 13 (1): 16–25.
Sadov, V. B. 2019. Simulating Operation of Sucker Rod Pumping Unit (in Russian). Oil Ind J 2019 (1): 70–74. OIJ-2019-01-070-074-RU. https://doi.org/10.24887/0028-2448-2019-1-70-74.
Schafer, D. J. and Jennings, J. W. 1987. An Investigation of Analytical and Numerical Sucker Rod Pumping Mathematical Models. Paper presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, USA, 27–30 September. SPE-16919-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/16919-MS.
Takacs, G. 2015. Calculation of Operational Parameters. In Sucker-Rod Pumping Handbook: Production Engineering Fundamentals and Long-Stroke Rod Pumping, Chap. 4, 247–376. Houston, Texas, USA: Gulf Professional Publishing.
Wang, D. and Liu, H. 2018. Prediction and Analysis of Polished Rod Dynamometer Card in Sucker Rod Pumping System with Wear. Shock Vib 2018 (4): 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4979405.
Wang, Y., Wang, S., Yang, L. et al. 2018. A New Model To Evaluate Polished Rod Load of Sucker Rod Pumping System. Paper presented at the SPE Liquids-Rich Basins Conference—North America, Midland, Texas, USA, 5–6 September. SPE-191803-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/191803-MS.
Xing, M. and Dong, S. 2014. An Improved Longitudinal Vibration Model and Dynamic Characteristic of Sucker Rod String. J Vibroeng 16 (7): 3432–3448. https://www.jvejournals.com/article/15401/pdf.
Xing, M. and Dong, S. 2015. A New Simulation Model for a Beam-Pumping System Applied in Energy Saving and Resource-Consumption Reduction. SPE Prod & Oper 30 (2): 130–140. SPE-173190-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/173190-PA.
Zhang, H., Dong, S., Chen, Z. et al. 2012. Reliability Prediction Method of Fatigue Life for Rod String. Paper presented at the International Conference on Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance, and Safety Engineering, Chengdu, China, 15–18 June. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICQR2MSE.2012.6246370.