Method and Mechanism of Regulating Rheological Properties of Water-Based Drilling Fluid by High-Frequency and High-Voltage Alternating Current Electric Field
- Weian Huang (School of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China)) | Ming Lei (School of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China)) | Jingwen Wang (School of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China)) | Kaihe Lv (School of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China)) | Lin Jiang (School of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China)) | Hailong Zhao (School of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China)) | Weiqing Chen (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- May 2020
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 2020.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- memory effect, high-frequency and high-voltage AC electric field, rheological property, drilling fluid, suspension
- 4 in the last 30 days
- 7 since 2007
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The rheology of drilling fluid is commonly regulated by chemical methods. In this work, a physical method of a high-frequency and high-voltage alternating current (AC) electric field to regulate the rheological properties of water-based drilling fluid is established. The effects of the electric field on the continuous phase and dispersed phase, as well as two kinds of water-based drilling fluids, were investigated, and the response relationship among rheological properties modeled by Bingham and Herschel-Bulkley (H-B) models and electric-field parameters was explored. Results showed that water conductivity increased when voltage reached 4 kV, whereas it was restored to the original state after 3 hours in the absence of an electric field, showing a memory effect. The effect was also observed on bentonite suspension, whose plastic viscosity increased with the aid of an electric field and decreased over time. Voltage showed the greatest effect on bentonite-suspension viscosity, followed by frequency and pulse-width ratio. Under the condition of voltage of 5 kV, frequency of 5 kHz, and pulse-width ratio of 80%, there was a maximum increase of 50% in viscosity. The addition of salts caused bentonite-suspension flocculation, and electric field reduced the consistency coefficient and relieved flocculation state. When polymers were incorporated in bentonite suspension, the electric field could decrease the adsorption amount between clay particles and polymeric additives such as amphoteric and acrylamide-based polymers. For two typical drilling fluids, the voltage of an introduced electric field was the main controlling factor to change the rheological properties; their plastic viscosity and consistency coefficient both started to increase when voltage reached 4 kV.
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