Three-Dimensional Modeling of Mineral/Elemental Compositions for Shale Reservoirs
- Y. Z. Ma (Schlumberger)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- May 2020
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 2020.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- shale reservoir, log transformation, mass preservation, reservoir modeling, rock composition
- 5 in the last 30 days
- 12 since 2007
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Mineral compositional analysis of rocks is important for developing shale resources because the relationships between mineral compositions and petrophysical properties are critical for resource evaluation and completion optimization. Elementary properties are now routinely analyzed at wells in evaluating shale reservoirs. However, these properties have not been modeled in the three-dimensional (3D) reservoir. This is because an elemental composition has a physical constraint that is relatively easily adhered to in data analysis for wells but not in 3D modeling of reservoirs. A critical condition of elemental composition is that the sum of its components is equal to 100% to honor the mass-preservation principle. Traditional modeling methods do not satisfy this physical condition, sometimes producing nonphysical values, such as negative porosity values and fluid-saturation values greater than 100%. To date, only the compositional-modeling methods using a log-ratio transform can consistently satisfy this physical constraint. This paper presents modeling methods using additive log-ratio transform for modeling mineral compositions.
|File Size||5 MB||Number of Pages||12|
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