Modeling of Permeability and Strain Evolution in Chemical Creep Compaction Experiments with Fractured and Unfractured Chalk Cores Conducted at Reservoir Conditions
- Emanuela Kallesten (University of Stavanger, Norway) | Pål Østebø Andersen (University of Stavanger, Norway) | Dhruvit Satishchandra Berawala (University of Stavanger, Norway) | Reidar Inge Korsnes (University of Stavanger, Norway) | Merete Vadla Madland (University of Stavanger, Norway) | Edvard Omdal (ConocoPhillips, Norway) | Udo Zimmermann (University of Stavanger, Norway)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- October 2020
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 2,710 - 2,728
- 2020.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- flow in fractured porous media, chemo-mechanical deformation, permeability evolution, simulation of experiments, chalk creep compaction
- 16 in the last 30 days
- 33 since 2007
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Understanding the effect of typical water-related improved oil recovery techniques is fundamental to the development of chalk reservoirs on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS). We investigate the contribution and interplay of key parameters influencing the reservoir’s flow and storativity properties, such as effective stresses, injecting fluid chemistry, and geomechanical deformation. This is done by developing a mathematical model that is applied to systematically interpret experimental data. The gained understanding is useful for improved prediction of permeability development during field life.
The model we present is for a fractured chalk core whereby fluids can flow through the matrix and fracture domains in parallel. The core is subject to a constant effective stress above the yield, resulting in time-dependent compaction (creep) of the matrix, while the fracture does not compact. Reactive brine injection causes enhanced compaction but also permeability alteration. This again causes a redistribution of injected flow between the two domains.
A previous version of the model parameterizing the relation between chemistry and compaction is here extended to quantify the effect on permeability and see the effect of flow in a fracture-matrix geometry. A vast set of experimental data were used to quantify the relations in the model and demonstrate its usefulness to interpret experimental data. Two outcrop chalk types (Aalborg and Liège) being tested at 130°C and various concentrations of Ca-Mg-Na-Cl brines are considered. However, assumptions were required, especially regarding the fracture behavior because directly representative data were not available.
The tests with inert injecting brine were used to quantify the effect of matrix and fracture mechanical compaction on permeability trends. To be able to explain the tests with reactive brine, an important finding is that permeability not only decreased because of enhanced porosity reduction but also because of a quantifiable chemistry-related process (dissolution/precipitation).
Sensitivity analyses were performed regarding varying fracture width, injection rate, and chemistry concentration to evaluate the effect on chemical creep compaction and permeability evolution in fractured cores. The model can be used to highlight parameters with great influence on the experimental results. An accurate quantification of such parameters will contribute to refining laboratory experiments and will provide valuable data for upscaling and field application.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||19|
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