A Unified Approach To Optimize Fracture Design of a Horizontal Well Intercepted by Primary- and Secondary-Fracture Networks
- Junlei Wang (PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development) | Yunsheng Wei (PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development) | Wanjing Luo (China University of Geosciences, Beijing)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- June 2019
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,270 - 1,287
- 2019.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Unified Fracture Design, Fracture network, Optimum fracture dimensions, PSS productivity index, Proppant number
- 38 in the last 30 days
- 128 since 2007
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The classical optimization design dependent on a single-fracture (SF) assumption is widely applied in performance optimization for hydraulically fractured wells. The objective of this paper is to extend the optimal design to a complex fracture network to achieve the maximum productivity index (PI). In this work, we established a pseudosteady-state (PSS) productivity model of a fractured horizontal well, which has the flexibility of accounting for the complexity of fracture-network dimensions. A semianalytical solution was then presented in the generalized matrix format through coupling reservoir- and fracture-flowing systems. Subsequently, several published studies on the PSS productivity calculation of a SF were used to verify this model, and a 3D transient numerical simulation of an orthogonal fracture network was used to perform further verification. We show that results from our solutions agree very well with those benchmarked results. On the basis of the model, we provide a detailed analysis on the productivity enhancement of the fracture-network/optimization work flow using unified fracture design (UFD). The results show the following:
- The PI is determined by fracture conductivity and complexity (network size, spacing, and configuration), and it is a function of fracture complexity and conductivity when the influence of proppant volume is not considered.
- Under the constraint of a given amount of proppant known as UFD, the maximum PI would be achieved when the best balance between network complexity and conductivity was obtained.
- It is more advantageous to minimize fracture complexity by creating relatively simple-geometry fractures with smaller network size and larger fracture spacing in the condition of small and intermediate proppant numbers.
- It should be the design goal to generate a complex network by creating relatively complex-geometry fractures with larger network size and smaller fracture spacing in the condition of a large proppant number.
- Increasing fracture complexity could reduce the optimal requirement of fracture conductivity. The proposed approach can provide guidance for a network-hydraulic-fracturing design for an optimal completion.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||18|
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