Optimizing Fracturing Design and Well Spacing with Complex-Fracture and Reservoir Simulations: A Permian Basin Case Study
- Hongjie Xiong (University Lands) | Songxia Liu (University Lands) | Feng Feng (University Lands) | Shuai Liu (University Lands) | Kaimin Yue (University Lands)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- December 2019
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 2019.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- well spacing, hydraulic fracturing, completion optimization, fracture and reservoir simulation, Permian Basin
- 44 in the last 30 days
- 59 since 2007
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Proper lateral and vertical well spacing is critical to efficiently develop unconventional reservoirs. Much research has focused on lateral well spacing, but little on vertical spacing, which is important and challenging for stacked-bench plays such as the Permian Basin. Following the previous single-well study (Xiong et al. 2018), we performed a seven-well case study to optimize completion design and 3D well spacings, by integrating the latest complex-fracture-modeling and reservoir-simulation technologies. Those seven wells are located at the same section but also are vertically placed in four different zones in the Wolfcamp Formation in the southern Midland Basin.
With the latest modeling technologies, we first built a 3D geological and geomechanical model, and full wellbore fracture-propagation model for these seven wells, and then calibrated the model with multistage-fracturing pumping history of each well. The resulting model was then converted to an unstructured-grid-based reservoir-simulation model, which was then calibrated with production history. On the basis of the local geomechanical characterization, as well as confidence in the capacity of the models from our previous study, we conducted experiments in fracturing modeling to study the impact of different completion design parameters on fracture propagation, including cluster spacing, fracturing-fluid viscosity, pumping rate, and fluid and proppant intensities. With the statistical distributions of fracture length and height from different completion designs, we then optimized the completion design, and studied lateral and vertical well spacings.
The results show the following. The resulting fracture length and height from multistage fracturing treatments are in log-normal distribution, which provides great insights on the probability of well interference/fracture hits and drained/undrained reservoir volumes. Both fracture hits/well interference and drainage volume depend on the well spacings and corresponding well completion designs The hydraulic-fracture length, height, and network complexity mainly depend on in-situ stress, cluster spacing, cluster number per stage, and fluid and proppant intensity. For the Wolfcamp Formation in the southern Midland Basin, tighter cluster spacing with fewer perforation clusters per stage and high fluid and proppant intensity, might create larger fracture surface area, which will increase the initial production rate and the ultimate recovery.
Therefore, we can reasonably model complicated fracture propagation and well performance with the latest modeling technologies, and optimize both lateral and vertical well spacings, and the corresponding completion design. The application of those technologies could help operators save significant time and costs on well-completion and -spacing pilot projects and, thus, speed up field-development decisions. In addition, we will demonstrate a novel workflow to perform this job.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||16|
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