Influence of Pressure Difference Between Reservoir and Production Well on Steam-Chamber Propagation and Reservoir-Production Performance
- Hao Xiong (University of Oklahoma) | Shijun Huang (China University of Petroleum, Beijing) | Deepak Devegowda (University of Oklahoma) | Hao Liu (China University of Petroleum, Beijing) | Hao Li (University of Oklahoma) | Zack Padgett (Univiersity of Oklahoma)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- April 2019
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 452 - 476
- 2019.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Heavy Oil, Steam Chamber, SAGD, Thermal Recovery, Pressure Difference
- 4 in the last 30 days
- 174 since 2007
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Steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is the most-effective thermal recovery method to exploit oil sand. The driving force of gravity is generally acknowledged as the most-significant driving mechanism in the SAGD process. However, an increasing number of field cases have shown that pressure difference might play an important role in the process. The objective of this paper is to simulate the effects of injector/producer-pressure difference on steam-chamber evolution and SAGD production performance.
A series of 2D numerical simulations was conducted using the MacKay River and Dover reservoirs in western Canada to investigate the influence of pressure difference on SAGD recovery. Meanwhile, the effects of pressure difference on oil-production rate, stable production time, and steam-chamber development were studied in detail. Moreover, by combining Darcy’s law and heat conduction along with a mass balance in the reservoir, a modified mathematical model considering the effects of pressure difference is established to predict the SAGD production performance. Finally, the proposed model is validated by comparing calculated cumulative oil production and oil-production rate with the results from numerical and experimental simulations.
The results indicate that the oil production first increases rapidly and then slows down when a certain pressure difference is reached. The pressure difference has strong effects on steam-chamber-rising/expansion stages. However, at the expansion stage, lower pressure difference can achieve the same effect as high pressure difference. In addition, it is shown that the steam-chamber-expansion angle is a function of pressure difference. Using this finding, a new mathematical model is established considering the modification of the expansion angle, which (Butler 1991) treated as a constant. With the proposed model, production performance such as cumulative oil production and oil-production rate can be predicted. The steam-chamber shape is redefined at the rising stage, changing from a fan-like shape to a hexagonal shape, but not the single fan-like shape defined by (Butler 1991). This shape redefinition can clearly explain why the greatest oil-production rate does not occur when the steam chamber reaches the caprock.
Literature surveys show few studies on how pressure difference influences steam-chamber development and SAGD recovery. The current paper provides a modified SAGD production model and an entirely new scope for SAGD enhanced oil recovery (EOR) that makes the pressure difference a new optimizable factor in the field.
|File Size||3 MB||Number of Pages||25|
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