3D Hydraulic-Fracture Simulation Integrated With 4D Time-Lapse Multicomponent Seismic and Microseismic Interpretations, Wattenberg Field, Colorado
- Ahmed Alfataierge (Colorado School of Mines) | Jennifer L. Miskimins (Colorado School of Mines) | Thomas L. Davis (Colorado School of Mines) | Robert D. Benson (Colorado School of Mines)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- February 2019
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 57 - 71
- 2019.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- multistage fracturing, time-lapse seismic, fracture modeling, microseismic, 4D seismic
- 27 in the last 30 days
- 154 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
The 3D hydraulic-fracture-simulation modeling was integrated with 4D time-lapse seismic and microseismic data to evaluate the efficiency of hydraulic-fracture treatments within a 1 sq mile well-spacing test of Wattenberg Field, Colorado. Eleven wells were drilled, stimulated, and produced from the Niobrara and Codell unconventional reservoirs. Seismic monitoring through 4D time-lapse multicomponent seismic data was acquired by prehydraulic fracturing, post-hydraulic fracturing, and after 2 years of production. The results from the simulation modeling and seismic monitoring show the significant effect of reservoir heterogeneity on hydraulic-fracture stimulation and hydrocarbon production.
A hydraulic-fracture-simulation model using a 3D numerical simulator was generated and analyzed for hydraulic-fracturing efficiency and interwell fracture interference between the 11 wells. The 3D hydraulic-fracture simulation is validated using observations from microseismic and 4D multicomponent [compressional-wave (P-wave) and shear-wave (S-wave)] seismic interpretations. The validated 3D simulation results reveal that variations in reservoir properties (faults, rock-strength parameters, and in-situ stress conditions) influence and control hydraulic-fracturing geometry and stimulation efficiency.
The integrated results are used to optimize the development of the Niobrara Formation within Wattenberg Field. The valuable insight obtained from the integration is used to optimize well spacing, increase reserves recovery, and improve production performance by highlighting intervals with bypassed potential within the Niobrara. The methods used within the case study can be applied to any unconventional reservoir.
|File Size||3 MB||Number of Pages||15|
Alfataierge, A. 2017. 3D Modeling and Characterization of Hydraulic Fracture Efficiency Integrated With 4D/9C Time-Lapse Seismic Interpretations in the Niobrara Formation, Wattenberg Field, Denver Basin. MS thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (December 2017).
Barree, R. D. 1983. A Practical Numerical Simulator for Three-Dimensional Fracture Propagation in Heterogeneous Media. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, San Francisco, 15–18 November. SPE-12273-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/12273-MS.
Barree, R. D., Gilbert, J. V., and Conway, M. 2009. Stress and Rock Property Profiling for Unconventional Reservoir Stimulation. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, 19–21 January. SPE-118703-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/118703-MS.
Barree, R. D., Miskimins, J. L., and Svatek, K. J. 2017. Reservoir and Completion Considerations for the Refracturing of Horizontal Wells. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, The Woodlands, Texas, 24–26 January. SPE-184837-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184837-MS.
Dang, A. 2016. Post-Treatment Horizontal Hydraulic Fracture Modeling With Integrated Chemical Tracer Analysis, a Case Study. MS thesis. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (Summer 2016). http://hdl.handle.net/11124/170307.
Dudley, C. 2015. Integrating Horizontal Borehole Imagery and Cluster Analysis With Microseismic Data for Niobrara/Codell Reservoir Characterization, Wattenberg Field, Colorado, USA. MS thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (Fall 2015). http://hdl.handle.net/11124/20102.
Eissa, E. A. and Kazi, A. 1988. Relation Between Static and Dynamic Young’s Moduli of Rocks. International Journal of Rock Mechanics 25 (6): 479–482. https://doi.org/10.1016/0148-9062(88)90987-4.
Higley, D. K. 2007. Petroleum Systems and Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas in the Denver Basin Province, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming—USGS Province 39. In Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Along the Front Range in the Denver Basin of Colorado, Nebraska, and Wyoming, ed. D. K. Higley and D. O. Cox, Chap. 2. US Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. US Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS–69–P.
Mueller, S. 2016. Application of Time-Lapse Seismic Shear Wave Inversion To Characterize the Stimulated Rock Volume in the Niobrara and Codell Reservoirs, Wattenberg Field, CO. MS thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (Spring 2016). http://hdl.handle.net/11124/170231.
Ning, Y. 2017. Production Potential of Niobrara and Codell: Integrating Reservoir Simulation With 4D Seismic and Microseismic Interpretation. PhD dissertation, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (Fall 2017). https://hdl.handle.net/11124/172010.
Pitcher, T. 2015. Joint Geophysical and Geomechanical Analysis of In-Situ Stress, Wattenberg Field, Colorado, USA. MS thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (Spring 2015). http://hdl.handle.net/11124/17144.
Quezada, O. and Davis, T. 2017. Monitoring Hydraulic Fracturing Through the Use of Time-Lapse, Multi-Component Seismic Data and Microseismic Data, Wattenberg Field, Colorado. Presented at the 79th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2017, Paris, 12–15 June. https://doi.org/10.1190/segam2017-17679956.1.
Sonnenberg, S. A. 2011. The Niobrara Petroleum System: A New Resource Play in the Rocky Mountain Region. Presented at the AAPG Rocky Mountain Section Meeting, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 25–29 June. Search and Discovery, Article 10355.
Sonnenberg, S. A. 2013. New Reserves in an Old Field: The Niobrara Resource Play in the Wattenberg Field, Denver Basin, Colorado. Presented at the Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, Denver, 12–14 August. URTEC 1562913.
Utley, J. W. 2017. Time-Lapse PP Seismic To Characterize Stimulation and Production Behavior in the Niobrara and Codell Reservoirs, Wattenberg Field, Colorado, US. MS thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (Spring 2017). http://hdl.handle.net/11124/171021.
White, M. 2015. Time Lapse Interpretation of P-Wave Data for a Hydraulically Fractured Reservoir. MS thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (Fall 2015). http://hdl.handle.net/11124/20323.