Unique Infill Configuration To Unlock Additional Barrels in the Boscán Heavy-Oil Water-Injection Project
- Raushan Kumar (Chevron) | Daniel Socorro (Chevron) | Marta A. Pernalete (PDVSA) | Karin Gonzalez (Chevron) | Nilufer Atalay (Chevron) | Rafael Nava (Chevron) | Christopher Lolley (Chevron) | Mridul Kumar (Chevron) | Alejandro Arbelaez (Chevron)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- May 2020
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 566 - 577
- 2020.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- heavy oil, waterflooding, infill, reservoir simulation
- 22 in the last 30 days
- 71 since 2007
- Show more detail
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Boscán is a giant multibillion-barrel heavy-oil (10.5 °API and asphaltic) field in Venezuela. Although a large part of the field is on primary production with a low recovery factor (<6%), water injection has been successfully implemented in portions of the field for more than 15 years, with improved recovery. High-mobility-ratio-waterflood (HMRWF) behavior and associated key production mechanisms obtained from detailed field-data analysis and dynamic modeling are presented. A novel and unique infill configuration is also proposed to further improve recovery in this environment with a high (or adverse) mobility ratio.
Water injection in such heavy oil was previously considered not effective by the industry because of adverse mobility ratio. However, water injection for pressure maintenance (WIPM) was successfully implemented using a new pattern configuration, a pseudo-1-3-1 inverted- spot pattern (an additional row of producers between conventional-pattern rows). Field-data and reservoir-simulation models show increased reservoir pressure up to the second row of producers from the injector. The pressure support is used to significantly improve recovery using the unique configuration at low water cut. WIPM has already resulted in significant reserves addition. Current production from water-injection areas is approximately 40,000 MBOPD (or approximately 47% of field production).
However, it is estimated that because of high oil viscosity, a significant amount of oil remains bypassed in the WIPM area. An infill opportunity was identified from an integrated reservoir-management study that included detailed WIPM data analysis and dynamic (mechanistic and full-field) modeling. A unique infill configuration is proposed that conceptually uses the current injectors with an additional row of producers between the existing first and second row of the producers. This configuration has the potential to economically unlock millions of barrels of bypassed oil and significantly increase recovery in this prolific heavy-oil field.
This study provides insights into HMRWF behavior, evaluating the relative effect of displacement vs. pressure. The unique and novel infill configuration can be used to improve recovery, a step vital to monetize this large resource in the low-price environment.
|File Size||6 MB||Number of Pages||12|
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