On Temperature-Falloff Interpretation in the Circulation Phase of the Steam-Assisted-Gravity-Drainage Process
- Mazda Irani (Ashaw Energy) | Sahar Ghannadi (Ashaw Energy)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- June 2019
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,002 - 1,015
- 2019.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- circulation, time-of-flight (ToF), temperature fall-off, steam-assisted gravity drainage
- 7 in the last 30 days
- 86 since 2007
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Steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is the preferred method to extract bitumen from Athabasca oil-sand reservoirs in western Canada. Bitumen at reservoir conditions is immobile because of high viscosity, and its saturation is typically large, which limits the injectivity of steam at in-situ conditions. In current industry practice, steam is circulated within injection and production wells. In theory, wells should be converted to SAGD production mode after a period when bitumen is mobile and communication is established between the injector and the producer. Operators use temperature-falloff data to predict successful conversion time. But temperature-falloff data are evaluated qualitatively, and there is not an analytical/numerical framework in which one can use such data. Although the bitumen heating sounds simple, approach wells are failing after steam injection because of steam breakthrough or sand production. Most of these wells are periodically returned to circulation/bullheading to ramp up production rates and heal the hot spots. Most of such failures are associated with early conversion to full SAGD, which shows the need to formulate an analytical/numerical framework to predict the right timing for conversion to full SAGD. In this presentation, the time of flight (ToF) is effectively used to convert spatial variations of temperature into time response of temperature variation at the well sandface. ToF defines the time an oil droplet needs to travel through a medium—more specifically, from its current location to the well sandface. By solving the heat transfer and Darcy’s law simultaneously, the ToF is converted to a relationship of the temperature vs. time profile at the producer. This approach has been applied to SAGD well pairs with different geology, and the temperature-falloff trends are presented.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||14|
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