Interplay Between Permeability Retardation and Capillary Trapping of Rising Carbon Dioxide in Storage Reservoirs
- Bo Ren (University of Texas at Austin) | Jennifer M. Delaney (University of Texas at Austin) | Larry W. Lake (University of Texas at Austin) | Steven L. Bryant (University of Calgary)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- October 2018
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,866 - 1,879
- 2018.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- permeability-retardation, geological carbon sequestration, CO2 buoyant flow, capillary-trapping
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 207 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
The main objective of this work is to understand, by analytical and numerical study, how permeability retardation interacts with capillary-barrier trapping to cause accumulation as carbon dioxide (CO2) migrates upward in saline aquifers during geological sequestration.
The study is of one-dimensional (1D) two-phase (CO2 and water) countercurrent flow. The analytical model describes CO2 buoyant migration and accumulation at a “flow-barrier zone” (low permeability) above a “flow-path zone” (high permeability). The relative importance of permeability retardation and capillary trapping is examined under different magnitudes of buoyant-source fluxes and porous-media properties. In the limiting case of zero capillary pressure, the model equation is solved using the method of characteristics (MOC). Permeability-retarded accumulation, induced by the permeability difference between the flow path and the barrier zone, is illustrated through CO2-saturation profiles and time/distance diagrams. Capillary trapping is subsequently accounted for by graphically incorporating a capillary pressure curve and capillary-threshold effect.
Results demonstrate that the accumulation contributions from both the permeability hindrance and capillary trapping are convolved at sufficiently large fluxes. At a given time, the total CO2 accumulated by permeability hindrance is greater than that accumulated by capillary trapping, but the former approaches the latter at large time. The low-permeability zone need not be completely impermeable for accumulation to occur. We demonstrate that considering only capillary trapping understates the amount of CO2 accumulated beneath low-permeability structures during significant periods of a sequestration operation.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Bachu, S. 2008. CO2 Storage in Geological Media: Role, Means, Status and Barriers to Deployment. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 34 (2): 254–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2007.10.001.
Bryant, S. L., Schechter, R. S., and Lake, L. W. 1986. Interactions of Precipitation/Dissolution Waves and Ion Exchange in Flow Through Permeable Media. AICHE Journal 32 (5): 751–764. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690320505.
Bryant, S. L., Lakshminarasimhan, S., and Pope, G. A. 2008. Buoyancy-Dominated Multiphase Flow and Its Effect on Geological Sequestration of CO2. SPE J. 13 (4): 447–454. SPE-99938-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/99938-PA.
Buckley, S. E. and Leverett, M. C. 1942. Mechanism of Fluid Displacement in Sands. Trans. of the AIME 146 (1): 107–116. SPE-942107-G. https://doi.org/10.2118/942107-G.
CMG-GEM. 2012. GEM Users’ Guide. Computer Modelling Group Ltd., Canada.
Dicarlo, D. A., Mirzaei, M., Aminzadeh, B. et al. 2012. Fractional Flow Approach to Saturation Overshoot. Transport in Porous Media 91 (3): 955–971. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11242-011-9885-8.
Hayek, M., Mouche, E., and Mügler, C. 2009. Modeling Vertical Stratification of CO2 Injected Into a Deep Layered Aquifer. Advances in Water Resources 32 (3): 450–462. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2008.12.009.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2005. IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 195–276.
Krevor, S. C. M., Pini, R., Li, B. et al. 2011. Capillary Heterogeneity Trapping of CO2 in a Sandstone Rock at Reservoir Conditions. Geophysical Research Letters 38: L15401. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL048239.
Lake, L. W., Bryant, S. L., and Araque-Martinez, A. N. 2003. Geochemistry and Fluid Flow, first edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Lake, L. W., Johns, R., Rossen, B. et al. 2014. Enhanced Oil Recovery. Richardson, Texas, USA: Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Leverett, M. C. 1941. Capillary Behavior in Porous Solids. Transactions of the AIME. 142 (1): 152–169. SPE-941152-G. https://doi.org/10.2118/941152-G.
Martin, J. C. 1958. Some Mathematical Aspects of Two-Phase Flow With Applications to Flooding and Gravity Segregation Problems. Producer Monthly 22 (2): 22–35.
Meckel, T. A., Bryant, S. L., and Ravi Ganesh, P. 2015. Characterization and Prediction of CO2 Saturation Resulting From Modeling Buoyant Fluid Migration in 2D Heterogeneous Geologic Fabrics. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 34: 85–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.12.010.
Peters, E. J. and Hardham, W. D. 1990. Visualization of Fluid Displacements in Porous Media Using Computed Tomography Imaging. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 4 (2): 155–168. https://doi.org/10.1016/0920-4105(90)90023-v.
Ren, B., Bryant, S. L., and Lake, L.W. 2015. Fast Modeling of Local Capillary Trapping During CO2 Injection Into a Saline Aquifer. Presented at the Carbon Management Technology Conference, Sugar Land, Texas, USA, 17–19 November. CMTC-439486-MS. https://doi.org/10.7122/439486-MS.
Ren, B. 2017. Local Capillary Trapping and Permeability-Retarded Accumulation During Geological Carbon Sequestration. PhD dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.
Ren, B., Sun, Y., and Bryant, S. 2014. Maximizing Local Capillary Trapping During CO2 Injection. Energy Procedia 63: 5562–5576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.590.
Riaz, A. and Tchelepi, H. A. 2008. Dynamics of Vertical Displacement in Porous Media Associated With CO2 Sequestration. SPE J. 13 (3): 305–313. SPE-103169-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/103169-PA.
Saadatpoor, E., Bryant, S. L., and Sepehrnoori, K. 2008. Effect of Heterogeneous Capillary Pressure on Buoyancy-Driven CO2 Migration. Presented at the SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Tulsa, 20–23 April. SPE-113984-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/113984-MS.
Saadatpoor, E. 2009. Effect of Capillary Heterogeneity on Buoyant Plumes: New Trapping Mechanism in Carbon Sequestration. MS thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.
Saadatpoor, E., Bryant, S. L., and Sepehrnoori, K. 2010. New Trapping Mechanism in Carbon Sequestration. Transport in Porous Media 82 (1): 3–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11242-009-9446-6.
Siddiqui, F. I. and Lake, L. W. 1992. A Dynamic Theory of Hydrocarbon Migration. Mathematical Geology 24 (3): 305–327. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00893752.
Siddiqui, F. I. and Lake, L. W. 1997. A Comprehensive Dynamic Theory of Hydrocarbon Migration and Trapping. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 5–8 October. SPE-38682-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/38682-MS.
Silin, D., Patzek, T. W., and Benson, S. M. 2009. A One-Dimensional Model of Vertical Gas Plume Migration Through a Heterogeneous Porous Medium. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 3 (3): 300–310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2008.09.003.
Sun, Y. H. 2014. Investigation of Buoyant Plumes in a Quasi-2D Domain Characterizing the Influence of Local Capillary Trapping and Heterogeneity on Sequestered CO2: A Bench-Scale Experiment. MS thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.
Welge, H. J. 1952. A Simplified Method for Computing Oil Recovery by Gas or Water Drive. Journal of Petroleum Technology 4 (4): 91–98. https://doi.org/10.2118/124-g.
Yuan, B., Moghanloo, R. G., and Zheng, D. 2016. Analytical Evaluation of Nanoparticle Application to Mitigate Fines Migration in Porous Media. SPE J. 21 (6): 2317–2332. SPE-174192-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/174192-PA.