Advanced Drilling Simulation Environment for Testing New Drilling Automation Techniques and Practices
- Eric Cayeux (IRIS) | Benoit Daireaux (IRIS) | Erik Dvergsnes (IRIS) | Amare Leulseged (IRIS) | Bjørn Bruun (Statoil) | Mike Herbert (ConocoPhillips)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- December 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 559 - 573
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.1.1 Process Simulation, 6.1.5 Human Resources, Competence and Training, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.13 Drilling Automation, 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials
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- 867 since 2007
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Newly developed drilling automation systems locate a computer interface between commands issued by the driller and instructions transmitted to the drilling machinery. Such functions are capable of faster and more precise control than can be achieved by an unaided operator and thus can help drilling within narrow margins. To ensure that these systems work properly in all circumstances, an advanced drilling simulator has been developed to enable testing under a wide range of simulated conditions. The environment described in this paper uses hardware in the loop (HIL) simulation to verify that the automation techniques being tested respond correctly in real time. Rigorously validated physical models of the drilling process simulate the response of the well to the commands given to the drilling machines. Abnormal drilling conditions (e.g., packoffs, kicks) and equipment or machine-related problems (e.g., plugged nozzles, power shortage) are convincingly recreated. The drilling simulator models the behavior of surface equipment such as the activation of gate valves to line up different pits or the flow in the mud return. It simulates changes in the drilling fluid properties when mixing additives to the mud. It is therefore possible to focus training sessions on cooperation between different groups at the wellsite. This is particularly useful when planning the introduction of drilling automation that involves new work procedures as a result of automation and adaptation of the drilling team to a new operational environment. Drilling operations are becoming more and more complex. Automation has the potential to provide large improvements in efficiency and safety, but automation technologies must be implemented correctly at the workplace. Just as the aviation industry has used simulated environments for decades, drilling simulation environments are the key to the safe and successful implementation of drilling automation and the development of crew skills to face future challenges.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||15|
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