Propagation of Nanocatalyst Particles Through Athabasca Sands
- Amir Zamani (Suncor Energy Incorporated) | Brij B. Maini (University of Calgary) | Pedro Pereira Almao (University of Calgary)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- July 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 279 - 288
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 332 since 2007
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This paper presents results of an experimental study that systematically examined the propagation of nanodispersed catalyst suspension in sandpacks prepared with Athabasca reservoir sand and operated at the reservoir conditions. The concentration and size distribution of the particles at the injection and production end were measured. The pressure drops in different segments along length of the sandpack were monitored continuously. The retention behaviour of particles at the end of each experiment was examined by measuring the catalyst concentration in the bed as a function of the distance from the injection end of the sandpack and also by analysis of extracted samples using scanning electron microscopy. The results show that it is possible to propagate the nanodispersed catalyst suspension through sand beds without causing permeability damage, but a small fraction of the injected particles is retained in the sand. It was found that significantly higher retention occurs in the entrance region of the bed (compared with downstream regions) and that the total particle retention was higher in the Athabasca sand beds than in clean silica sand with the same flow and suspension properties. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experimental study on transport of nanoparticles dispersed in viscous oil through reservoir sand beds. It provides valuable information on propagation and retention behaviour of nanoparticles. Considering the rapidly rising use of nanoparticles in industry, such transport will be encountered in numerous industrial applications and environmental problems.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||10|
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