Computation of Productivity Index With Capillary Pressure Included and Its Application in Interpreting Production Data From Low-Permeability Oil Reservoirs
- Kewen Li (China University of Geosciences) | Zengwei Chen (Peking University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- December 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,041 - 1,046
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.4.1 Waterflooding
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- 441 since 2007
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Capillary pressure might be ignored in high-permeability rocks, but it cannot be neglected in low-permeability rocks. To study the effect of capillary pressure on production performance in low-permeability oil wells or reservoirs, the formulas for calculating water cut and dimensionless total and oil productivity indices (PIs) were derived by considering capillary pressure. PI and water-cut data were computed using the new models with capillary pressure included. The results proved that PI increases with water cut in high-permeability rocks but decreases with the increase in water cut within a specific range in low-permeability rocks. Waterflooding experiments were then conducted in core samples with low and high permeabilities. The experimental waterflooding data demonstrated the same relationship between PI and water cut that was proved in the new PI model. Finally, the PI data were calculated using production data from oil wells, and the results were compared with the experimental data of the PI determined from coreflooding tests. The curves of PI vs. water cut, obtained from the production data of oil producers, were consistent with those inferred from waterflooding data in core samples. Note that the core plugs were sampled from the same oil wells. The new PI model was used to explain the difference in production performance between high- and low-permeability oil wells..
|File Size||902 KB||Number of Pages||6|
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