Downhole Measurement and Monitoring Lead to an Enhanced Understanding of Drilling Vibrations and Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit Damage
- Leroy W. Ledgerwood III (Baker Hughes) | Jayesh R. Jain (Baker Hughes) | Olivier J. Hoffmann (Baker Hughes) | Reed W. Spencer (Baker Hughes)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- July 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 254 - 262
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.5 Drill Bits, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.12.1 Measurement While Drilling, 5.3.4 Integration of geomechanics in models
- 0 in the last 30 days
- 911 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
Since backward whirl was discovered as a severe cause of polycrystallinediamond compact (PDC) bit failure, the oil and gas industry has made greatstrides toward creating whirl-resistant bits and operating practices. But iswhirl still the major cause of PDC bit damage in conventional rotaryapplications? This paper reports on a recent field study in which downholevibrations were measured by use of a newly available in-bitvibration-monitoring device. The focus of this study was to understand theprimary source of bit damage. In addition, four wells were also drilled by useof a research drilling rig in Oklahoma. In these tests, the PDC bits,bottomhole assemblies (BHAs), and operating parameters were varied to documenttheir effect on downhole vibrations. In these four wells, vibrationmeasurements from the new in-bit measuring device were validated against acommercially available and industry-proven measurement-while-drilling (MWD)vibration-monitoring service. The results of this study indicate that the mostcommon field vibration in hard-rock vertical conventional rotary drilling isstick/slip, not whirl. In field tests, stick/slip was observed almostexclusively. For typical field applications with a surface rotary speed ofapproximately 70 rpm, the team measured a peak downhole rpm as high as 500during the slip phase. Stick/slip was identified as the primary cause of bitdamage in these applications. Lateral vibration occurring during the slip phasecorrelated well with the observed damage and is proposed as a new mode ofdamage during stick/slip. The characterization of the lateral vibrationscoupled with stick/slip is presented on the basis of downhole measurements.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||9|
Abbassian, F. and Dunayevsky, V.A. 1998. Application of Stability Approachto Bit Dynamics. SPE Drill & Compl 13 (2): 99-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30478-PA.
Brett, J.F. 1992. The Genesis of Torsional Drill String Vibrations. SPEDrill Eng 7 (3): 168-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/21943-PA.
Brett, J.F., Warren, T.M., and Behr, S.M. 1989. Bit Whirl: A New Theory ofPDC Bit Failure. Paper SPE 19571 presented at the 54th ATCE, San Antonio,Texas, 8-11 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/19571-MS.
Chesher, S.W., Williamson, M.E., Dougherty, B.B. et al. 2010. Collaborationbetween an Operator and a Service Company Leads to an In-depth Understanding ofDownhole Vibrations in Drilling, Reduced Vibration Levels, and ImprovedDrilling Performance. Paper SPE 133801 forthcoming at the ATCE, Florence,Italy. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/133801-MS.
Cooley, C.H., Pastusek, P.E. and Sinor, L.A. 1992. The Design and Testing ofAnti-Whirl Bits. Paper SPE 24586 presented at the 67th Annual ATCE, Washington,DC, 4-7 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/24586-MS.
Craig, A., Goodship, R., and Shearer, D. 2010. High-Frequency DownholeMeasurements Provide Greater Understanding of Drilling Vibration in PerformanceMotor Assemblies. Paper SPE 128211 presented at the IADC/SPE DrillingConference, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2-4 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128211-MS.
Cunningham, R.A. 1967. Analysis of Downhole Measurements of Drill StringForces and Motions. ASME Preprint presented at the Petroleum MechanicalEngineers Conference, September.
Daering, D.W. and Livesay, B.J. 1968. Longitudinal and Angular Drill StringVibrations With Damping. J. Eng. for Industry, November, 671-679.
Deily, F.H., Daering, D.W., Paff, G.H. et al. 1968. New Drilling ResearchShows What Happens Downhole. Oil and Gas J. January, 55-64.
Denison, E. 1979. High Data-Rate Drilling Telemetry System. J. PetTech, February, 155-163.
Dykstra, M., Schneider, B., and Mota, J. 2011. A Systematic Approach toPerformance Drilling in Hard Rock Environments. Paper SPE 139841 presented atSPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, 1-3 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/139841-MS.
Fear, M.J., Abbassian, F., Parfitt, S.H.L. et al. 1997. The Destruction ofPDC bits by Severe Stick-Slip Vibration. Paper SPE 37639 presented at theSPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 4-6 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/37639-MS.
Fuselier, D.M., Vempati, C.R., Oldham, J.T. et al. 2010. Understanding theContribution of Primary Stability to Build Aggressive and Efficient PDC Bits.Paper SPE 128575 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, New Orleans,Louisiana, 2-4 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128575-MS.
Heisig, G., Sancho, J., and Macpherson, J.D. 1998. Downhole Diagnosis ofDrilling Dynamics Data Provides New Level Drilling Process Control to Driller.Paper SPE 49206 presented at the 1998 ATCE Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana,27-30 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/49206-MS.
Jain, J.R., Ledgerwood III, L.W., Hoffmann, O.J. et al. 2011.Mitigation of Torsional Stick-Slip Vibrations in Oil Well Drilling Through PDCBit Design: Putting Theories to the Test. Paper SPE 146561 presented at SPEATCE, Denver, Colorado, 30 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/146561-MS.
Johnson, S. 2006. A New Method of Producing Laterally Stable PDC Drill Bits.Paper SPE 98986 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Miami, Florida,21-23 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/98986-MS.
Leine, R.I., van Campen, D.H., and Keultjes, W.J.G. 2002.Stick-Slip WhirlInteraction in Drillstring Dynamics. J. Vibrations and Acoustics 124: 209-220.
Lesso, B., Ignova, M., Zeineddine, F. et al. 2011. Testing the Combinationof High Frequency Surface and Downhole Drilling Mechanics and Dynamics DataUnder a Variety of Drilling Conditions. Paper SPE 140347 presented at SPE/IADCDrilling Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1-3 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/140347-MS.
Pastusek, P., Sullivan, E., and Harris, T. 2007. Development and Utilizationof a Bit-Based Data-Acquisition System in Hard Rock PDC Applications. Paper SPE105017 presented at the SPE IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, TheNetherlands, 20-22 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105017-MS.
Raap, C., Craig, A.D., and Graham, R. 2011. Drill Pipe Dynamic MeasurementsProvide Valuable Insight Into Drill String Dysfunctions. Paper SPE 145910presented at SPE ATCE, Denver, Colorado, 30 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/145910-MS.
Richard, T. 2001. Self-Excited Stick-Slip Oscillations of Drag Bits. PhDThesis, University of Minnesota.
Richard, T., Detournay, E., Fear, M. et al. 2002. Influence of Bit-RockInteraction on Stick-Slip Vibrations of PDC Bits. Paper SPE 77616 presented atthe ATCE, San Antonio, Texas, 29 September-2 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/77616-MS.
Sinor, L.A. and Warren, T.M. 1993. Application of Anti-Whirl PDC Bits GainsMomentum. Paper SPE 25644 presented at the SPE Middle East Oil TechnicalConference and Exhibition, Bahrain, UAR, 3-6 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/25644-MS.
Sinor, A., Powers, J., Ripp, C. et al. 2001. Unique Field ResearchFacility Designed to Accelerate Technology Development and Enhance ToolReliability. Paper presented at the AADE National Drilling Conference, Houston,Texas, 27-29 March.
Warren, T.M., Brett, J.F., and Sinor, L.A. 1990. Development of aWhirl-Resistant Bit. SPE Drill Eng, December, 267-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/19572-PA.
Warren. T.M. and Oster, J.H. 1998. Torsional Resonance of Drill Collars WithPDC Bits in Hard Rock. Paper SPE 49204 presented at the ATCE, New Orleans,Louisiana, 27-30 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/49204-MS.
Xianping, S., Paez, L., Partin, U. et al. 2010. Decoupling Stick-Slip andWhirl to Achieve Breakthrough in Drilling Performance. Paper SPE 128767presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2-4February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128767-MS.