Permanent Abandonment of a North Sea Well Using Unconsolidated Well-Plugging Material
- Arild Saasen (Det norske oljeselskap ASA) | Sturla Wold (Det norske oljeselskap ASA) | Bjørn Thore Ribesen (Det norske oljeselskap ASA) | Tu Nhat Tran (Det norske oljeselskap ASA) | Arve Huse (AGR Petroleum Services AS) | Vidar Rygg (Sandaband Well Plugging AS) | Ingvar Grannes (Sandaband Well Plugging AS) | Alf Svindland (Sandaband Well Plugging AS)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- September 2011
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 371 - 375
- 2011. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 1.14 Casing and Cementing, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 1.6.11 Plugging and Abandonment, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology
- Plug and abandonment, Concentrated sand slurry, Plugging material
- 10 in the last 30 days
- 993 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 12.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
The traditional plug-and-abandonment (P&A) method of exploration wells in the North Sea is to set a series of cement plugs to isolate the pressurized zones from each other and from surface. This paper describes a North Sea P&A field case. In this case, an alternative method was used with a Bingham-plastic unconsolidated plugging material with high solids concentrations. This alternative method addresses well-integrity issues such as those caused by shrinking of cement or gas migration during setting, fracturing after setting, or long-term degradation by exposure to heat and chemical substances in the well.
The gas-tight well-barrier element described here does not set up after placement and does not shrink. Furthermore, it cannot fracture even when shear forces exceed its strength. When this happens, the material floats and shear forces are reduced below yield strength, causing the plug to reshape. Because this is a purely mechanical process, the transition between solid and fluid phase is repeatedly reversible (in principle, an infinite number of times).
The plug is thermodynamically stable because its sealing property is decided by the solids particle-size distribution (PSD) and bound water only. The closely packed particles and absence of free water mean that the entire column is kept homogeneous and no internal redistribution of particles may occur. Hence, the permanent gas-tight barrier will prevent influx through the wellbore.
In the field case, a successful implementation of the technology was obtained. The field case shows how the fast and efficient placement of the plug contributes to overall cost reduction. The paper explains how the well-barrier element complies with Norwegian requirements for permanent P&A; these requirements also apply to the UK sector (NORSOK D-010 2004; Oil and Gas UK 2009). Operational procedures are also presented in some detail.
|File Size||558 KB||Number of Pages||5|
Andreassen, A.H.M. and Andersen, J. 1930. Kolloid Z.50: 217-228.
Barnes, H.A., Hutton, J.F., and Walters, K. 1989. AnIntroduction to Rheology, No. 3. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: RheologySeries, Elsevier Science.
Bird, R.B., Stewart, W.E., and Lightfoot, E.N. 1960.Transport Phenomena. New York: John Wiley & Sons Publishing.
Farris, R.J. 1968. Prediction of the Viscosity of Multimodal Suspensionsfrom Unimodal Viscosity Data. Trans. Rheol. Soc. 12 (2): 281-301.http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.549109.
Godøy, R., Svindland, A., Saasen, A., and Wallevik, O. 2004.Experimental Analysis of Yield Stress in High Solid Concentration Sand Slurriesused in Temporary Well Abandonment Operations. Annual Transactions of theNordic Rheology Society 12: 81-84.
Jamth, J., Justnes, H., Nødland, N.E., Skalle, P., and Sveen,J. 1995. Testing System to Evaluate the Resistance of Cement Slurries to GasMigration During Hydration. Paper 94-405 presented at the CADE/CAODC SpringDrilling Conference, Calgary, 19-21 April.
MacDonald, M.J., Chu, C.-F., Guilloit, P.P., and Ng, K.M. 1991. Ageneralized Blake-Kozeny equation for multisized spherical particles.AIChE Journal 37 (10): 1583-1588. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690371016.
Nelson, E.B. and Guillot, D. 2006. Well Cementing. Sugar Land,Texas: Schlumberger.
NORSOK D-010: Well integrity in drilling and welloperations, third edition. 2004. Stavanger: Norwegian Oil IndustryAssociation (OLF)/Federation of Norwegian Manufacturing Industries (TBL).
Oil & Gas UK. 2009. Guidance on the Suspension andAbandonment of Wells. London: UKOOA.
Saasen, A., Godøy, R., Breivik, D.H., Solvang, S.A., Svindland,A., Gausel, E., and Frøyland, K. 2004. Concentrated Solid Suspension as anAlternative to Cements for Temporary Abandonment Applications in Oil Wells.Paper SPE SA-34 presented at the 2004 Technical Symposium, Dhahran, SaudiArabia, 15-17 May.
Svindland, A. 2004. Particulate matter plug for plugging a well. US PatentNo. 6,715,543; International Publication No. WO 01/25594 (2001).