Study and Application of Gelled Foam for In-Depth Water Shutoff in a Fractured Oil Reservoir
- Y. Qing (China University of Petroleum) | W. Yefei (China University of Petroleum) | Z. Wei (China University of Petroleum) | Q. Ziyuan (China University of Petroleum) | Z. Fulin (China University of Petroleum)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- December 2009
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 51 - 55
- 2009. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.4.1 Waterflooding, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 2.2.2 Perforating, 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4.3.4 Scale
- gelled foam, water shutoff
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A gelled foam is comprised of water, a foaming agent (surfactant), a foaming stabilizer (polymer) and a cross-linking agent. This system with gel as the outer phase is more stable than conventional foam that uses water as the outer phase. Therefore, the gelled foam system prolongs the effective period of water shutoff. By using the Ross Foamer Device to determine its foaming and stability characters, we verify that the best foaming agent is 0.3% YG240; the stable foam agent is 0.2- 0.4% HPAM; the cross-linking agent is 0.09% sodium dichromate and 0.16% sodium sulphite and nitrogen. On the basis of bench-scale evaluations of characters on gelation time and water shutoff efficiency, the pilot test is performed on Well H1340 in the Huoshaoshan fractured reservoir. The workover program includes washing the larger fissures using a highly efficient oil displacement agent, injecting gelled foaming agent, over-displacing fluids, nitrogen and water, then shutting in the well for hardening. Field tests show that good blocking efficiency is gained in the well with a water cut decrease of 20 - 50% and oil production increase of 3.7 - 11.0 m3/day.
At present, most oil fields in china are in a high water cut period; injection water and edge water usually breakthrough into oil wells along high permeability zones, causing oil well productivity to decline and development results of waterflooding to get worse. As conventional water shutoff techniques such as mechanical shutoff and chemical shutoff in high permeability zones associating with limited shutoff diameters and depth, the plugging effects decreased rapidly and oil recovery from waterflooding has been greatly affected. In recent years, field tests of profile control with foam have been developed, yet high permeability zones can not be plugged effectively because of a short half life and the limited blocking radius of foam agents. Thus, it is necessary to study the techniques of gelled foam for in-depth water shutoff.
|File Size||612 KB||Number of Pages||5|
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