Predicting Sorption-Induced Strain and Permeability Increase With Depletion for Coalbed-Methane Reservoirs
- Christopher R. Clarkson (University of Calgary) | Zhejun Pan (CSIRO Petroleum Resources) | Ian D. Palmer (Higgs-Palmer Technologies) | Satya Harpalani (Southern Illinois University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- March 2010
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 152 - 159
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 5.5.8 History Matching, 5.1.5 Geologic Modeling, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 5.8.2 Shale Gas, 5.8.3 Coal Seam Gas, 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 5.6.1 Open hole/cased hole log analysis, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 1.2.2 Geomechanics, 1.2.3 Rock properties, 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
- sorption-induced strain, permeability modeling, Palmer & Mansoori equation, Pan & Connell model, coalbed methane
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It is well known that absolute permeability changes occur in coalbed methane (CBM) reservoirs during primary depletion or enhanced recovery/CO2 sequestration operations. Sorption-induced strain in CBM reservoirs, also known as matrix shrinkage or swelling, may dominate permeability changes at low pressures, as is the case for CBM wells undergoing primary depletion in the Fruitland coal fairway of the San Juan basin.
Several analytical models have been developed to predict changes in coal permeability as a function of stress and sorption. Most models, however, utilize an empirical method for estimating sorption-induced strain. Recently, a theoretical model for sorption-induced strain was developed and applied to single-component adsorption/strain experimental data. The new model was developed from basic thermodynamic principles and is more predictive than the empirically based approaches. In this paper, the theoretical model is expanded to incorporate multicomponent adsorption models that are more rigorous, and sometimes more accurate, than the commonly applied extended Langmuir (EL) equation. This improves predictions of multicomponent gas sorption-induced strain, as demonstrated by comparison to experimental data. The new sorption-induced strain model is then used to calculate the sorption-strain component of the popular Palmer and Mansoori (P&M) equation, which, in turn, can be used to model permeability changes during both primary (single- or multicomponent gas) and enhanced recovery operations. Finally, the coupled sorption-strain/permeability model, incorporated into an analytical simulator, is used to predict and match permeability growth in a producing CBM well in the Fruitland coal fairway, which has a binary (CH4 + CO2) sorbed/produced gas composition.
Matches to field-derived permeability growth using the new model are accurate but nonunique because of the lack of available data, particularly rock mechanical properties. Given the availability of rock mechanics and adsorption isotherm data, the rigorous thermodynamic basis of the new model should allow for more accurate predictions of coalbed permeability changes, but further testing is required.
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