Practical Use of New Microbiology Tools in Oil Production
- Torben L. Skovhus (Danish Technological Institute) | Bo Højris (Danish Technological Institute) | Aaron Marc Saunders (Danish Technological Institute) | Trine R. Thomsen (Danish Technological Institute) | Mikkal Agerbæk (Danish Technological Institute) | Jan Larsen (Mærsk Oil and Gas A/S)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- February 2009
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 180 - 186
- 2009. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.4.10 Microbial Methods, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 4.3.4 Scale, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
- 0 in the last 30 days
- 671 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
Culture-based methods of traditional microbiology applied to the microbiological processes involved in souring of oil fields and microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) pose a risk of yielding inadequate and contradictory results. Any cultivation step will almost certainly alter the population characteristics and, thus, alter the results on which any evaluation will be based. The need for cultivation-independent methods has, over the past 10 years, facilitated the development of several analytical methods for the determination of microbial identity, quantity, and, to some extent, function, applied directly to samples of the native population. This development so far has been fairly limited regarding practical application, and it has only recently been transferred to the offshore industry.
In this paper, we demonstrate the features of these novel techniques and the benefits of applying them to two situations often encountered in offshore oil production in the North Sea--nitrate injection and MIC.
The microbiological tools are based on the detection of the genetic material in microorganisms. The methods include direct counting of specific groups of microorganisms with microscopy by use of fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) and other methods that are based on direct extraction of cell genetic material (i.e., DNA/RNA), such as quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and denaturing-gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The paper will describe these relatively novel molecular techniques briefly.
The paper documents the microbial-population shifts related to water breakthrough in a nitrate-treated reservoir and shows that key microbial populations can be identified and, thereby, this can lead to the creation of new and strengthened surveillance strategies on microorganisms that cause souring in these systems.
Additionally, we have shown that when applying these novel techniques to aggressive corrosion attacks, especially under deposit corrosion, molecular techniques are powerful tools in identifying the most probable corrosion process in which microorganisms are implicated.
These examples are described and related to offshore operations. Special focus is given to the use of the new and improved microbiological data in relation to designing and testing remedial actions toward oilfield souring and MIC.
|File Size||547 KB||Number of Pages||7|
Albrechtsen, T., Andersen, S.J., Dons, T., Engstrøm, F., Jørgenesen, O., andSørensen, F.W. 2001. Halfdan:Developing Non-Structurally Trapped Oil in North Sea Chalk. Paper SPE 71322presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans,30 September-3 October. DOI: 10.2118/71322-MS.
Amann, R., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.-H. 1995. Phylogeneticidentification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells withoutcultivation. Microbiological Reviews 59 (1): 143-169.
Barth, T. and Riis, M. 1992. Interactions betweenorganic-acid anions in formation waters and reservoir mineral phases.Organic Geochemistry 19 (4-6): 455-482.DOI:10.1016/0146-6380(92)90012-M.
Bonin, A.S. and Boone, D.R. 2006. The Order Methanobacteriales. In TheProkaryotes: Vol. 3: Archaea and Bacteria: Firicutes, Actinomycetes, thirdedition, ed. M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.-H. Schleifer, and E.Stackenbrandt, 231-243. New York: Springer.
Bouvier, T. and del Giorgio, P.A. 2003. Factors influencing thedetection of bacterial cells using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH): Aquantitative review of published reports. FEMS Microbiology Ecology44 (1): 3-15. DOI:10.1016/S0168-6496(02)00461-0.
Dahle, H. and Birkeland, N.-K. 2006. Thermovirga lieniigen. nov., sp. nov., anovel moderately thermophilic, anaerobic, amino-acid-degrading bacteriumisolated from a North Sea oil well. International Journal of Systematicand Evolutionary Microbiology 56 (7): 1539-1545.DOI:10.1099/ijs.0.63894-0.
Dang, P.N., Dang, T.C.H., Lai, T.H., and Stan-Lotter, H. 1996.Desulfovibrio vietnamensis sp. nov., a halophilic sulfate-reducingbacterium from Vietnamese oil fields.
Huber, R. and Hannig, M. 2006. Thermotogales. In The Prokaryotes: Vol. 7:Protobacteria: Delta and Epsilon Subclasses. Deeply Rooting Bacteria, thirdedition, ed. M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.-H. Schleifer, and E.Stackenbrandt, 899-922. New York: Springer.
Kendall, M.M. and Boone, D.R. 2006. The Order Methanosarcinales . In TheProkaryotes: Vol. 3: Archaea and Bacteria: Firmicutes, Actinomycetes, thirdedition, ed. M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.-H. Schleifer, and E.Stackenbrandt, 244-256. New York: Springer.
Kjellerup, B.V., Gudmonsson, G., Sowers, K., and Nielsen, P.H. 2006. Evaluation of analyticalmethods for determining the distribution of biofilm and active bacteria in acommercial heating system. Biofouling 22 (3): 133-139.DOI:10.1080/08927010600691879.
Larsen, J., Rod, M.H., and Zwolle, S. 2004. Prevention of reservoir souringin the Halfdan field by nitrate injection. Paper 04761 presented atCORROSION/2004, NACE International 59th Annual Conference, New Orleans, 28March-1 April.
Larsen, J., Skovhus, T.L., Agerbæk, M., Thomsen, T.R., and Nielsen, P.H.2006. Bacterial diversity study applying novel molecular methods on Halfdanproduced waters. Paper 06668 presented at CORROSION/2006, NACE InternationalConference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, USA, 12-16 March.
Larsen, J., Skovhus, T.L., Saunders, A.M., Højris, B., Agerbæk, M. 2008.Molecular Identification of MIC Bacteria from Scale and Produced Water. Paperno. 08652 presented at CORROSION/2008, NACE International Conference and Expo,New Orleans, 16-19 March.
Larsen, J., Zwolle, S., Kjellerup, B.V., Frølund, B., Nielsen, J.L., andNielsen, P.H. 2005. Identification of Bacteria causing Souring and Biocorrosionin the Halfdan Field by Application of New Molecular Techniques. Paper 05629presented at CORROSION/2005, NACE International Annual Conference and Expo,Houston, 3-7 April.
Lien, T., Madsen, M., Steen, I., and Gjerdevik, K. 1998. Desulfobulbusrhabdoformis sp. nov., a sulfate reducer from a water-oil separationsystem. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 48(2): 469-474.
Loy, A., Horn, M., and Wagner, M. 2003. probeBase: an online resource forrRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Nucleic Acids Research31 (1): 514-516.
Magot, M., Caumette, P., Desperrier, J.M., Matheron, R., Dauga, C., Grimont,F., and Carreau, L 1992. Desulfovibrio longus sp nov, a sulfate-reducingbacterium isolated from an oil-producing well. International Journal ofSystematic Bacteriology 42 (3): 398-403.
Magot, M., Ollivier, B., and Patel, B.K.C. 2000. Microbiology of petroleumreservoirs. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 77 (2): 103-116.DOI:10.1023/A:1002434330514.
Maxwell, S., Devine, C., Rooney, F., and Spark, I. 2004. Monitoring andcontrol of bacterial biofilms in oilfield water handling systems. Paper 04752presented at CORROSION/2004, NACE International 59th Annual Conference, NewOrleans, 28 March-1 April.
Nakagawa, S., Inagaki, F., Suzuki, Y., Steinsbu, B.O., Lever, M.A., Takai,K., Engelen, B. et al. 2006. Microbial community in black rustexposed to hot ridge flank crustal fluids. Applied and EnvironmentalMicrobiology 72 (10): 6789-6799. DOI:10.1128/AEM.01238-06.
Ni, S., Woese, C.R., and Aldrich, H.C. 1994. Transfer of Methanolobussiciliae to the genus Methanosarcina, naming it Methanosarcinasiciliae, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina.International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 44 (2):357-359.
Nilsen, R.K. and Torsvik, T. 1996. Methanococcus thermolithotrophicusisolated from North Sea oil field reservoir water. Applied andEnvironmental Microbiology 62 (2): 728-731.
Obraztsova, Y., Laurinavinchus, K.S., Bezrukova, L.V. 1987. Biologicalproperties of Methanosarcina not utilizing carbonic acid and hydrogen.Microbiology (English trans.) 56 (6): 807.
Orphan, V.J., Taylor, L.T., Hafenbradl, D., and Delong, E.F. 2000. Culture-dependent andculture-independent characterization of microbial assemblages associated withhigh-temperature petroleum reservoirs. Applied and EnvironmentalMicrobiology 66 (2): 700-711.DOI:10.1128/AEM.66.2.700-711.2000.
Pfennig, N. and Biebl, H. 1976. Desulfuromonas acetoxidansgen. nov. and sp. nov., anew anaerobic, sulfur-reducing, acetate-oxidizing bacterium. Archives ofMicrobiology 110 (1): 3-12. DOI:10.1007/BF00416962.
Postgate, J.R. 1984. Genus Desulfovibrio. In Bergey's Manual ofSystematic Bacteriology Volume1: Gram-negative Bacteria of General, Medical, orIndustrial Importance, ed. J.G. Holt, 666-672. Baltimore, Maryland:Williams & Wilkins.
Skovhus, T.L., Ramsing, N.B., Holmstrom, C., Kjelleberg, S., and Dahllöf, I.2004. Real-timequantitative PCR for assessment of abundance of Pseudoalteromonasspecies in marine samples. Applied and Environmental Microbiology70 (4): 2273-2382. DOI:10.1128/AEM.70.4.2373-2382.2004.
Skovhus, T.L., Holmström, C., Kjellberg, S., and Dahllöf, I. 2007. Molecularinvestigation of the distribution, abundance and diversity of the genusPseudoalteromonas in marine samples. FEMS Microbiology Ecology61: 348-361.
Sunde, E., Lillebø, B.-L.P., Bødtker, G., Torsvik, T., and Thorstenson, T.2004. H2S Inhibition by nitrate injection on the Gullfaks field. Paper 04760presented at CORROSION/2004, NACE International 59th Annual Conference, NewOrleans, 28 March-1 April.
Takai, K., Inoue, A., and Horikoshi, K. 2002. Methanothermococcusokinawensis sp.nov., a thermophilic, methane-producing archaeon isolated from a WesternPacific deep-sea hydrothermal vent system. International Journal ofSystematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52: 1089-1095.DOI:10.1099/ijs.0.02106-0.
Weimer, P.J., Vankavelaar, M.J., and Michel, C.B. 1988. Effect of phosphateon the corrosion of carbon-steel and on the composition of corrosion productsin two-stage continuous cultures of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans.Applied and Environmental Microbiology 54 (2): 386-396.
Wiegel, J., Tanner, R., and Rainey, F.A. 2006. An Introduction to the FamilyClostridiaceae. In The Prokaryotes: Vol. 4: Bacteria: Firmicutes,Cyanobacteria, third edition, ed. M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg,K.-H. Schleifer, and E. Stackenbrandt, 654-678. New York: Springer.