Effect of Applied Pressure on the Conductivity, Porosity and Permeability of Sandstones
- D.O. Wyble (Michigan College of Mining and Technology)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- November 1958
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 57 - 59
- 1958. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 1.14 Casing and Cementing, 1.2.3 Rock properties, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control
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A pressurizing system was designed and built to apply a radial pressure of 5,000 psi to rock samples. Samples of the Bradford, Weir and Kirkwood sandstones were subjected to radial pressures parallel and perpendicular to the bedding in the system and the changes in conductivity, porosity and permeability were determined.
Asymptotic decreases in conductivity, porosity and Klinkenberg permeability were observed over the 0- to 3,500-psi range. From these data, the increase of formation factor over the same range was calculated. The cementation exponent expressed in the Archie equation was found to increase with pressure.
The rate of change varied from formation to formation. Only small differences were observed for samples taken parallel to the bedding as compared to those taken perpendicular to it except for the Bradford sand.
Above 3,500 psi the data are not good enough to tell if the properties continue to fall-off asymptotically or in a different manner. A possible explanation for the probable limit of the asymptotic rate around 3,500 to 4,500 psi is that this represents the maximum pressure which the formations have undergone during their geological life as a result of burial.
For many years measurements have been made in the laboratory of the properties of oil-bearing sandstones with little consideration being given to whether these properties had been changed when the samples were moved from their original position in the ground to the laboratory.
Relatively little has been reported in the literature on the effect of pressure on the properties of sandstones. The changes in permeability for eight. typical consolidated oil-bearing sandstone samples with overburden pressure (0- to 15,000-psi range) was presented by Fatt and Davis in graphical form. In 1953 Fatt also reported the relationship between porosity and overburden pressure for four typical consolidated oil-bearing sandstone samples (0- to 5,000-psi range).
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