Production Data Analysis of Coalbed-Methane Wells
- Christopher R. Clarkson (ConocoPhillips) | Colin L. Jordan (Apache) | Roger R. Gierhart (BP Amoco PLC) | John P. Seidle (MHA Petroleum Consultants)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- April 2008
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 311 - 325
- 2008. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 5.5.8 History Matching, 5.8.2 Shale Gas, 1.8 Formation Damage, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing, 5.8.3 Coal Seam Gas, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.7 Reserves Evaluation, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 5.6.9 Production Forecasting
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Recent advances in production data analysis (PDA) techniques have greatly assisted engineers in extracting meaningful reservoir and stimulation information from well-production and flowing-pressure data. Application of these techniques to coalbed-methane (CBM) reservoirs requires the unique coal storage and transport properties to be accounted for. In recent work, the authors [ex. Clarkson et al. (2007a) and Jordan et al. (2006)] and others [ex. Gerami et al. (2007)] have demonstrated how new techniques such as the flowing material balance (FMB) and production type curves may be adapted to account for CBM storage mechanisms (i.e., adsorption), but, to date, the focus has been on relatively simple CBM reservoir behavior such as single-phase (gas) reservoirs with static effective permeability.
The major contribution of the current work is the adaptation of modern PDA techniques (by use of modified material balance time/pseudotime and pseudopressure definitions) to analyze producing wells completed in CBM reservoirs exhibiting several possible flow characteristics: single-phase flow of gas in dry CBM reservoirs, single-phase flow of water (in undersaturated reservoirs), and two-phase (gas and water) flow (in saturated reservoirs). The latter reservoir type commonly exhibits effective permeability changes during depletion (because of relative and/or absolute permeability changes) and changing gas composition caused by relative adsorption effects, both of which have been accounted for in the current work. Specifically, the FMB technique is modified to include several complex CBM reservoir characteristics, and production type curves are applied to some scenarios. Although dry-CBM-well analysis was covered previously [ex. Clarkson et al. (2007a)], we will also discuss FMB development in these reservoirs for completeness.
Several synthetic and field examples are given to demonstrate how FMB, type-curve analysis, and analytical simulation can be used in parallel to provide a particularly useful data-analysis toolset and workflow. These techniques were used successfully to extract quantitative reservoir information from single- and two-phase CBM-simulated and field-production pressure data. The PDA techniques developed for two-phase CBM require further evaluation, however.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||15|
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