New Geosteering Work Flow Integrates Real-Time Measurements With Geomodels
- Adam Wilson (JPT Special Publications Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- September 2018
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 102 - 105
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6 in the last 30 days
- 77 since 2007
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This article, written by Special Publications Editor Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper SPE 191337, “An Interactive Decision Support System for Geosteering Operations,” by Sergey Alyaev, IRIS; Reidar Brumer Bratvold, SPE, University of Stavanger; and Xiaodong Luo, SPE, Erich Suter, SPE, and Erlend H. Vefring, SPE, IRIS, prepared for the 2018 SPE Norway One Day Seminar, Bergen, Norway, 18 April. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
To place a well in the best possible reservoir zone, operators use geosteering to support real-time well-trajectory adjustments. Geosteering refers to the process of making directional well adjustments on the basis of real-time information acquired while drilling. This work presents a systematic geosteering work flow that automatically integrates a priori information and real-time measurements to update geomodels with uncertainties and uses the latest model predictions in a decision-support system (DSS). The DSS supports geosteering decisions by evaluating production potential against drilling and completion risks.
This paper presents a consistent, systematic, and transparent work flow for geosteering. The starting point is a priori information, for example a probabilistic geomodel representing a geological interpretation based on surface seismic and logs from offset wells, including relevant interpretation uncertainties. Multiple geomodel realizations of the possible geological scenarios span the space of interpretation uncertainties. The real-time measurements obtained while drilling are continually integrated by updating the realizations automatically using an ensemble-based filtering method. The real-time update of the realizations leads to a reduction in interpretation uncertainty, providing up-to-date predictions of the geology ahead of the bit consistently. The update work flow is linked to a DSS. The DSS applies the probabilistic up-to-date geomodel to support geosteering decisions under uncertainty by evaluating the chosen value function of the well. The value function commonly includes multiple objectives, including production potential, costs for drilling and completion, and risks associated with the operation. The DSS presented here is optimized specifically for use with ensemble-based update work flows that are increasingly popular in the oil industry.
The focus of this paper is the DSS. The DSS suggests steering correction or stopping, optimizing well trajectories over the ensemble of up-to-date geomodel realizations. A graphical user interface (GUI) enables geosteering experts to control the input to the DSS by means of interactive selection and adjustment of value functions and constraints (e.g., dogleg severity). The adjustments are applied in a matter of seconds using advanced dynamic programming algorithms that yield consistently updated decisions. The proposed steering decision is communicated through the GUI, which contains a visual representation of the current uncertainty and trajectory possibilities that give the best value for each realization.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||3|