Dynamic-Simulation Applications Support Challenging Offshore Operations
- Adam Wilson (JPT Editorial Manager)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- May 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 124 - 129
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
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- 77 since 2007
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This article, written by Editorial Manager Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper SPE 156146, "Dynamic-Simulation Applications To Support Challenging Offshore Operations: A Kitan Oil Field Offshore East Timor Case Study," Ryosuke Yokote, SPE, and Vanni Donagemma, Eni Australia, and Juan Carlos Mantecon, SPE, SPT Group, prepared for the 2012 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 8-10 October. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
The Kitan oil field consists of three subsea intelligent wells. The intelligent completions were modeled in detail using commercial dynamic-simulation software to establish a sound and safe operating procedure for the well cleanup and well test. The simulation results provided the petroleum engineer on the rig with key operational information, such as the time for the oil to arrive at surface and expected pressure at the downhole gauges (DHGs) and upstream of the choke manifold. This enhanced the ability of rigsite supervisors to anticipate well behavior, enabling a significant risk reduction.
The Kitan oil field is approximately 200 km south of the East Timor coast and 500 km offshore of the northern coast of Australia (Fig. 1). The Kitan field development consists of three vertical producing wells, 6-in. production subsea flowlines and risers, 2-in. gas-injection lines, umbilical lines, and a floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) vessel. Each well has a designated flow-line and riser tied back to the FPSO vessel (Fig. 2). Fig. 3 shows the intelligent completion for the Kitan development wells. The intelligent completion was de-signed to control flow from two separate zones, upper and lower. Flow from each zone is controlled by flow-control valves (FCVs) that have eight positions (fully opened, fully closed, and six intermediate choke positions).
Pressure and temperature for each zone are monitored by three DHGs. The FCVs have a fail-as-is design and stay in the last position should a communications problem be encountered.
Because of the remoteness of the location, the functionality of the intelligent completion and the well performance needed to be confirmed with a minimum degree of uncertainty. To establish a sound and safe operating procedure for the well cleanup and well test, commercial dynamic simulation software was used to model the intelligent completion and selected operations. A few different well-cleanup procedures were investigated to predict cleanup time, pressure and temperature at different points of interest, and flow rates on the rig. The simulation results provided valuable information, enabling the petroleum engineer on the rig to predict flow conditions of the well during the operations. Following the successful well-cleanup and well-test campaign, the well models were validated with actual well-cleanup and -test data.
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