Indonesian Fieldwide Application of Intelligent-Well Technology - A Case History
- Dennis Denney (JPT Senior Technology Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- May 2011
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 80 - 82
- 2011. Offshore Technology Conference
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- 68 since 2007
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This article, written by Senior Technology Editor Dennis Denney, contains highlights of paper OTC 21063, "Indonesian Operator's First Fieldwide Application of Intelligent-Well Technology - A Case History," by Kim Sam Youl, and Harkomoyo, SPE, Kodeco Energy Company and Doug Finley, SPE, Halliburton, prepared for the 2010 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, 3-6 May. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
A fieldwide application of intelligent-well-completion technology was used in Indonesia to commingle “free energy” from an overlying gas cap to support production from underlying oil reservoirs that typically have a high water cut. Previously, wells in this offshore field were developed with conventional gas lift completions that used gas supplied from outside the platform. The application of an “auto-gas-lift” (AGL) concept, an intelligent-well technology, eliminated the capital equipment associated with conventional gas lift completions along with the conventional downhole gas lift equipment.
The KE-38 field is in the East Java basin, approximately 30 miles off the northern coast of Madura Island, Indonesia (Fig. 1). Water depth averages approximately 190 ft in this block. The oil columns are between 60 and 300 ft thick, with a 500-ft-thick gas cap (on average) and an underlying water zone. True vertical depth of the gas/oil contact is 4,500 to 5,000 ft subsea.
Porosity of the oil rim ranges from 18 to 26%, and permeability ranges from 20 to 100 md. The reservoir is normally pressured, and productivity ranges from 5 to 20 bbl/(psi-D). Maximum bottomhole pressure and temperature are 2,200 psi and 195°F, respectively. The oil is a slightly waxy, 35°API crude. Given that the reservoir fluid is nearly saturated, initial production from the wells was with natural flow. However, because the flowline pressure is high (approximately 900 psi), these wells would require artificial lift during the initial stage of operation to begin flow and maintain the gas/liquid ratio to optimize the produced-oil rate.
Conventional gas lift completions have a setting-depth limitation relating to the gas lift mandrel. The maximum setting angle is less than 60°. However, an AGL interval-control valve (ICV) is capable of being set in any trajectory angle and can be set at the deepest point in the wellbore to optimize oil production. The AGL completion enables altering the flow characteristics of a zone without mechanical intervention.
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