Proper Inventory Management Requires Sound Analysis and Technology
- Bert Turner (HIS)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- April 2009
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 36 - 37
- 2009. Copyright is retained by the author. This document is distributed by SPE with the permission of the author. Contact the author for permission to use material from this document.
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Corrosion remains a major challenge to maintaining the integrity of infrastructure in oil and gas fields, particularly at the subsurface. A recent SPE Applied Technology Workshop in Abu Dhabi, UAE called “Subsurface Corrosion Risks and Challenges” highlighted critical aspects of subsurface corrosion control, including selection of corrosion-protection methods, improving drilling practices to minimize corrosion, and assessing downhole corrosion-monitoring techniques.
The welcome address by Qasem al-Kayoumi of Zadco highlighted the importance of organizations working together to identify critical subsurface corrosion challenges, share and agree on best practices, and identify the best existing downhole corrosion-mitigation technologies. To understand the technical areas where additional focus is required, networks must be formed between the operators, well engineers, and service providers. Al-Kayoumi said that Zadco has gained valuable subsurface experience by creating a seamless co-operative relationship with other operators. Zadco has also sponsored projects for downhole corrosion-modeling programs.
Materials for Oil and Gas Production
The first technical session of the work-shop highlighted materials used in oil and gas production. Keynote speaker Bijan Kermani of KeyTech opened by stating that hydrocarbons will continue to be the world’s principal energy source in the foreseeable future. The expected growth in energy demand will spur increases in production, which will become more multiphase in nature and contain higher percentages of harsh components such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2). These acid gases in high water-cut production systems present major corrosion concerns.
Therefore, material selection must become more specific to mitigate corrosion, and the impact of corrosion with regards to health, safety, and the environment; capital expenditure; and operational expenditure must receive continued serious consideration. Kermani said that materials selection must be coupled with ‘near-realistic’ corrosion modeling and prediction for optimum integrity assurance.Zadco’s Obadah Al-Sawadi next discussed the principles of corrosion modeling and prediction as they relate to materials selection. He stated that any useful model should be able to accurately predict corrosion rates as operating conditions change and account for actual tubing conditions rather than predict the phenomena at only one set of design conditions. A successful modeling program should also clearly define target corrosion rates to assess whether carbon steel or a corrosion-resistant alloy (CRA) should be employed. Finally Al-Sawadi highlighted several continuing challenges for accurate modeling programs, including obtaining accurate field data, the large number of variables involved and their relevance, and changes in the operating regime.
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